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01:202:204- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 13 pages long!)


Department
Criminal Justice
Course Code
01:202:204
Professor
Lavine
Study Guide
Midterm

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Rutgers
01:202:204
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Monday, September 25, 2017
Crime and the Problem of Social Control
What is the Criminal Justice System?
interdependent components whose purpose is to enforce the standards of conduct
necessary to maintain order and protect society (Criminal Law)
Law enforcement - source of input; investigate and arrest
Judiciary - administer legal process through courtroom workgroup
Corrections - administer punishment humanely and justly
A majority of elected representatives have a wide latitude to creat criminal laws, but
in enforcing the criminal law, officials are much more restricted by the law of criminal
procedure
Media - publicize what occurs in the criminal justice system
Crime, Social Control, and Social Justice
Social control consists of the rules, habits, and customs a society uses to enforce
conformity to its norms
Socialization is a process by which individuals acquire a personal identity and learn
the norms, values, behavior, and social skills appropriate to their society.
Society has two broad ways of controlling crime:
Formal Crime Control: refers to the legal controls imposed by the law and carried
out by official organizations
Informal Crime Control: refers to the moral rules and norms (patterns of behavior)
prescribed by unofficial groups, such as the family, religions, and peer groups.
Models of Justice
Crime Control
Protecting society - value efficiency of system
Due Process
Protecting individual liberties - value reliability of system
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Monday, September 25, 2017
Models of Law
Consensus Model of Law
Law reflects the collective conscious or widely shared views and beliefs of any given
society
Conflict Model of Law
Law reflects the values, beliefs, and interests of powerful elites within any given
society and serves to help those in power preserve their position within society
Ideal Goals of the System
Doing justice
Holding only the guilty accountable for their criminal conduct
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt
Ensuring that the criminal justice process is fair and impartial
Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures (4th & 14th Amdt.)
Freedom from self-incrimination (5th and 14th Amdt.)
Freedom from double jeopardy (5th and 14th Amdt.)
Guarantee of Due Process of Law (5th and 14th Amdt.)
Freedom from Cruel and Unusual punishment (8th and 14th Amdt.)
Freedom from excessive bail/fines (8th and 14th Amdt.)
Right to a speedy, public and fair trial by jury (6th and 14th Amdt.)
Right to an impartial jury (6th and 14th Amdt.)
Right to counsel (6th and 14th Amdt.)
Reducing Crime
Reactive means (after the crime occurs) - crime control methods
Pro-active means (before the crime occurs) - crime prevention methods to eliminate
the root causes of crime
!2
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