Crime and the Problem of Social Control
What is the Criminal Justice System?
•interdependent components whose purpose is to enforce the standards of conduct
necessary to maintain order and protect society (Criminal Law)
•Law enforcement - source of input; investigate and arrest
•Judiciary - administer legal process through courtroom workgroup
•Corrections - administer punishment humanely and justly
•A majority of elected representatives have a wide latitude to creat criminal laws, but
in enforcing the criminal law, ofﬁcials are much more restricted by the law of criminal
•Media - publicize what occurs in the criminal justice system
Crime, Social Control, and Social Justice
•Social control consists of the rules, habits, and customs a society uses to enforce
conformity to its norms
•Socialization is a process by which individuals acquire a personal identity and learn
the norms, values, behavior, and social skills appropriate to their society.
•Society has two broad ways of controlling crime:
•Formal Crime Control: refers to the legal controls imposed by the law and carried
out by ofﬁcial organizations
•Informal Crime Control: refers to the moral rules and norms (patterns of behavior)
prescribed by unofﬁcial groups, such as the family, religions, and peer groups.
Models of Justice
•Protecting society - value efﬁciency of system
•Protecting individual liberties - value reliability of system