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01:377:310- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 63 pages long!)


Department
Exercise Scienc
Course Code
01:377:310
Professor
M Destefano
Study Guide
Final

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Rutgers
01:377:310
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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CHAPTER 1
The Classification of Motor Skills
Concept: motor skills can be classified into general categories
The study of motor skills: motor learning, control, and development
motor skills require body, head, and/ or limb movement to achieve its goal
Motor learning involves the study of:
Acquisition of new skills
Performance enhancement of well- learned skills
Reacquisition of skills following injury, disease, etc.
Examples; serving a volleyball
Not an example; blinking eye, completing multiplication
Factors that influence motor skill learning and performance
The person
Motor skill performance
Performance environment
The skill
The person
Motor skill performance
Performance environment The skill
Important terms: skills, actions, and movements
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Skills- tasks or activities that have specific goals to achieve (action goals)
Motor skills vs. cognitive skills
Actions- term often used as synonymous with the term “motor skills”
Movements- behavioral characteristics of a specific limb or a combination of limbs
Why distinguish movements from skills/ actions?
People initially learn to achieve action goals
People use a variety of movement characteristics to achieve the same
action goal
People use different types of measures to evaluate actions and
movements
Ex; baseball player has and learns many different types of swings
Ex; in a therapy place there may be a specific preferred way to
walk but with assistance this can be fixed as there are also many
different ways to do it
Motor skill classification systems
Why classify motor skills?
Provides basis for identifying similarities/ differences among skills
Provides basis for developing principles related to performing and learning motor
skills
Four classification systems
3 one-dimension systems
1 two-dimensions system
One- dimension classification system
Each system
Based on one common skill characteristic that identifies similarities among skills
Divided into two categories
Each represents extreme ends of a continuum
Example: temperature- one extreme is hot one extreme is cold
However there are other temperatures that are not so
extreme to one end and instead are located within the
middle of these extremes between hot and cold
One- dimension system 1: Size of Primary Musculature Required
Large vs Small
Gross vs Fine
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