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01:377:346 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, Cyanosis, Cardiac Arrest


Department
Exercise Scienc
Course Code
01:377:346
Professor
M.Adamski
Study Guide
Final

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01:377:346

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Disease Transmission
Injured person must be infected
Rescuer must be exposed and come in contact with infected substance
through breaks in the skin or mucous membrane
Sufficient amount of pathogen present
BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
Pathogens --> Cause disease
CDC: Centers for Disease Control
Monitors outbreaks/infection & figuring out a plan of action,
controls disease
OSHA: Occupation Safety Health Administration
Determine within employment who may be at risk on the job to
blood or bodily fluids
Set up practices and places to protect you
Work on hazards, disposing things appropriately
How to handle a spill, report it, etc.
BSI (body substance isolation): All blood and other body substances
should be treated as infectious
HOW CAN DISEASES BE TRANSMITTED
DIRECT CONTACT: Blood gets on you
INDIRECT CONTACT: Touching something that has blood
AIRBORNE (DROPLET): Sneeze, cough
VECTOR BORNE: Bitten by animal with rabies
VEHICLE TRANSMISSION: Water or food
*WHAT ARE BODY’S NATURAL DEFENSES TO PROTECT AGAINST DISEASE?
White blood cells
Skins
Immune system
Immunizations
HEART ATTACK VS. CARDIAC ARREST
*Myocardial infarction [MI] is another word for heart attack
SUDDEN CARDIAC ARREST: Occurs when the heart develops an
abnormal rhythm and can't pump blood to brain, lungs and other organs
Basics
Friday, January 26, 2018
10:43 PM
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abnormal rhythm and can't pump blood to brain, lungs and other organs
Within seconds, person becomes unresponsive and is not
breathing or is only gasping
Chances of survival decrease as time goes by
Death occurs within minutes if the victim does not receive
immediate life saving treatment
RHYTHM PROBLEMS: Respiratory system may stop as well
Agonal respirations: Gasps like every once in a while
Leading cause of death with nearly 360,000 out of hospital cardiac
arrests occurring annually in the U.S.
HEART ATTACK: Occurs when blood flow to part of the heart is blocked
Clot problem in a vessel carrying oxygenated blood to the heart
Coronary artery supply heart with O2
Sometimes its blocks and part of heart that arty supplies
dies
If blood vessel is not reopened quickly, the muscle supplies by
that blood supply will begin to die
During a heart attack, heart continues to pump blood
Occasionally the damaged heart muscle triggers an abnormal
rhythm that can lead to sudden cardiac arrest
Most don’t lead to sudden cardiac arrest, though a small
percentage of people with a heart attack will develop
sudden cardiac arrest
CPR MAIN COMPONENTS
Compression
Airway
Breathing
ASSESSMENT
Check the scene
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