DBQ #3 Byzantine Empire under Justinian.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Rutgers University
History, American
Margaret Ingate

Donna Kwon October 9, 2007 Mrs. Hannah Social Studies DBQ 5: Byzantine Empire under Justinian Much recognition goes to the great emperor Justinian, who brought glory down upon the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire, also known as the Eastern Roman Empire, was indeed one of the strongest and richest empires, most strategically placed. Hail, Justinian, the majestic of all emperors . . . But what had he really done to deserve his divine title as emperor? Did he accomplish what he had strived for, to revive the Roman Empire? Was Justinian really as godly as people depicted him to be? As a Byzantine official once said, “The emperor is equal to all men in the nature of his body, but in the authority of his rank he is similar to God, who rules all.” Justinian was looked upon by this official in awe. As an official, he might as well have been wondering how someone could be as heavenly and as powerful as Justinian. It seems as though the people of the empire really admired Justinian because of his wonderful, crafty ways. Justinian was triumphant in his quest to revive Rome, successful in his effort to bring Rome back. He also partially created a new Empire. So in attempting to revive the Roman Empire, Justinian really created an improved, more resourceful empire, in which he dutifully ruled, as proved by the following points. When Justinian became emperor became emperor in 572 A.D., he was determined to revive the ancient Roman Empire, to build a new Rome. Realizing that Constantinople had a secure location, Justinian established Constantinople as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire and preserved Roman heritage for more than a thousand years, which is a very astounding achievement. However, though Justinian did preserve Roman heritage, he also cleaned up a few old Roman ideas. For example, Document 1 states, “Justinian created countless cities which did not exist before. And finding that the belief in God was . . . straying into errors . . . he brought it about that it stood on the firm foundation of a single faith. Moreover, finding the laws obscure because they had become far more numerous than they should be, and in obvious confusion because they disagreed with each other. He preserved them [in the Legal Code of Emperor Justinian, A.D. 529] . . . by controlling their discrepancies with the greatest firmness.” This excerpt is from Buildings by Procopius, Justinian’s official court historian. However, because Procopius was Justinian’s historian, it must be taken into account that Procopius probably hid his true opinions while praising Justinian, so that he wouldn’t be declared traitorous. Still, this document is a reliable source in relaying Justinian’s accomplishments, however optimistic. So therefore, this document is a clear example of Justinian’s magnificent and powerful reign. Justinian also ordered the completion of many public works such as the Hagai Sophia. It was gracefully completed in 537 A.D., when people of all kinds were awed by its beauty. Procopius described the Hagia Sophia upon its completion in document 4. “In height it rises to the very heavens. . . . A spherical-shaped dome
More Less

Related notes for 01:512:103

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.