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07:700:131 Study Guide - Final Guide: Art Music

Course Code
Lynette Bowring
Study Guide

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Module 12: Popular music
1. Differences between art music, folk music, and popular music
Art music- referred to a huge range of different musics but primary goal of this
music was to be valued as art, and to have some level of craft and sophistication that requires a
certain level or skill or training
Folk music- referring to traditional musics around the world that are important to
the culture of a distinct geographic area or community of people
Popular music- intended to appeal very broadly, lacking any intentions of elitism
and aiming to reach a wide spectrum of people
2. Issues of identity and commercialization in popular music
Commercial considerations can often have very strong influence on the music;
producers and song-writers know what will have mass appeal and therefore sell reliably, and
commercial and monetary success become a primary aim of the music
Popular music can also be valued as more authentic and person when it has broad
appeal; particularly the case with singer-songwriter genres where a single musician writes the lyrics,
composes the music, and plays a leading role in performance
3. Origins of popular music in the blues
American popular music grew out of early-20th-century blues (which was shaped by
the ancestral experience of slavery and the passing down and adaptation of African musical
traditions). A number of blues musicians were achieving more widespread fame and appealing to a
wide audience, bringing the blues into the popular music sphere (Singer-songwriter Robert
Johnson was a leading figure in the development of Mississippi Delta Blues; also said to have a
pact with the devil; made the 12-bar-blues)
4. Rock and roll (musical characteristics and early performers)
Different styles coming together; having blues tradition as a strong influence with
jazz and many other popular and folk idioms, mixed heavily with electronic
instruments.Traditionally drawn from black musical styles but black musicians were largely
excluded. Appealed to younger people and tended to use quick, upbeat tempos encouraging new
and fashionable styles of dancing.
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