Scope of Conflict.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
01:790:306
Professor
Hickel
Semester
Spring

Description
05132014ClassDivisionsbySplitChapter4IfvoterschoosewhichpartytosupportbasedonthepartyspolicypositionthenapartisandivisionovertheissuewilldevelopThischapterwhetherthetrendsofincreasinginequalityanddifferencesbwthepartieshaveresultedinthosewithdifferentincomesdividingpoliticallyclasspoliticalcleavagesincreasingPPmustadoptpositionsopposedtooneanotherinorderforthepublictobecomeawareofthedifferencesRepublicanstaxbreaksDemocratschampionsoflessaffluentneedataxbreakargueRepublicansjustenacttaxcutsfortherichPPsimplifymessagespolicyimagesinhopestheirmessagegetsthroughAmericansrecognizethatinequalityisincreasingThePublicsPerceptionsofPartiesConsistentargumentoverlastseveraldecadesisthatwhiteworkingclasshasdefectedfromtheDemocraticpartyoutofconcernthatthepartyistoosympathetictoblacksandCulturaldiversityAfricanAmericansoverwhelminglysupporttheDemocraticpartyatleastsince1964regardlessofotherfactorssuchasincomeeducationchurchattendancegenderetcSeemtosupportDemocraticpartybctheybelievethePPismoreclearlyalignedwiththeirinterestsasblacksLowerincomecomparedtowhitesmorereligiousVotersperceivedifferencesbetweenpartiesmoreinlast30yearsTheEmergenceofClassDivisionsStudycomparedfamilysincomeandelectoralbehaviorClassdivisionsin19501960snotverylarge1950s42ofwhitesonbottom13ofincomedistributionvotedDemocratic38thoseinupper13votedDemocratic2000s51lower13voteddemocratic41upper13LimitsonClassDivisionsinAmericanSocietyWhyareclassdivisionsnotsignificantlygreaterthan19501960sIndividualisminAmericaiskeysurveysindicatemanyinoursocietybelieveindividualeffortlargelyinfluencessuccessHighbeliefinpossibilityofupwardmobilityInequalitymaybeincreasingbutithasnotdampenedoptimismbeliefinAmericanDreamremainsstrongThosewithlowerincomesmorelikelytothinksuccesshasmoretodowithfamilybackgroundlesslikelytothinktheyarebetteroffthanparentslowprospectsforthefutureThePoliticalDebateAboutInequalityLiberalsseeopportunityaslesswidespreadthanconservativesInequalityandPresidentialChoices2004electionvotersaskedwhichcandidatetheysupportedthosewhodidnotseeinequalityasincreasingsupportedBush61to23thosewhothoughAmericahasbecomesocietyofhaveshavenotssupportedKerry49to32CandidatelikeGeorgeBushwouldrealizethathisconstituencywaslesstroubledbyinequalityresultsinpoliciesmoreassociatedwithindividualisticviewofsocietyTheImportanceofShortTermEventsShorttermeventsimpactvoterdivisionsIssuesthatdominatepublicattentionandoverwhelmsotherissuesslowsthepaceatwhichdivisionsincreaseieClintonimpeachmentvoterssetasideotherissuesandvotingwasdeterminedbyreactionstotheimpeachmentChapter7MassRecognitionofEliteChangesCultureissuesunmentionedbyvotersintheearly1980shasbeenslowlyincreasingsincethencomponentsofbothindividualsperceiveddifferencesbetweenpartiesandtheiraffecttowardthemCulturalIssuesandElectoralBehavior
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