Get 2 days of premium access
Study Guides (380,000)
US (220,000)
Rutgers (2,000)
14:50 (600)
Study Guide

01:830:321- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 37 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
01:830:321
Professor
K.Howansky
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 37 pages of the document.
Rutgers
01:830:321
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Chapter 1
Social Psychology- the scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a
social context.
Social psychologists get their information through science which makes it
different from other branches of psychology.
A scientific study of someone having control over the shock machine and another
person attached to it and the experimenter telling the person in charge of the
shock machine to increase voltage and shock the person (milgram's)
Social psych relies on scientific method
Psychologists thought that less than 1% would shock a person to the point that
they would die, but it was actually 66% that would go that far. To find this info,
psychologists needed to create an experiment
Scientific method
Forming hypotheses- testable predictions
Systematically testing those hypotheses
Organizing ideas and findings into theories
Take an observation and form it into a question then come up with a
hypothesis, prediction, experiment, results
Social psych concerns a diverse set of topics but differs from other social sciences bc
social psych focuses on the individual.
Social psych places an emphasis on social nature and individuals
The socialness of social psych varies (people have studied when people imagine talking
to a certain person or thinking a certain thing, the effect of what that does to a person)
Proximal influence- in immediate situation social norms of the situation, current
thoughts and feelings, other people present
Example: the stampede in iraq bc someone said they thought they saw a bomb
Distal influences, not immediately present
Cultural upbringing, evolutionary factors
Social belonging helped with student’s gpas (a distal factor)
Social Psych vs Sociology
Sociology tends to focus on groups, while social psych focuses on the individual
Sociology and social psych both use the scientific method and publish to the
same journals and both can help to understand immediate and societal factors
that influence behavior.
Social psych vs Personality psych
Personality psychologists- stable difference between individuals
Social psychologists- how social factors affect most individuals, regardless of
their personality
They both examine the interaction between situational factors and individual
differences
Social Psych vs cognitive psych
Cognitive psychologists study mental processes
Social psychologists are interested in the same things, but with an emphasis on
social info and contexts
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Social cognition is a new field
Clinical psych focuses on psychological difficulties and disorders
“Knew it all along” phenomenon; many social psychological findings seem to be common
sense
Overjustification effect- adding an incentive causes someone to like something less
than they originally did.
A broken heart is felt in the same part of the brain as physical pain
Interactionist perspective- an emphasis on how both an individual’s and environmental
characteristics influence behavior.
Social cognition- the study of how people perceive, remember, and interpret info about
themselves and others
Culture- a system of enduring meanings, beliefs, values, assumptions, institutions, and
practices shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the
next.
Cross Culture research- research designed to compare and contrast people of different
cultures
Multicultural research- research designed to examine racial and ethnic groups within
cultures.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version