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[01:830:331] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 60 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
01:830:331
Professor
Linnea Dickinson
Study Guide
Final

Page:
of 60
Rutgers
01:830:331
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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CH. 1 VOCAB
CHILD DEVELOPMENT
- Focuses on scientific study of systematic processes of change and stability in human children
DOMAINS OF DEVELOPMENT
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
- Growth of body and brain, sensory capacities, motor skills, and health
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
- Learning, attention, memory, language, thinking, reasoning, and creativity
PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
- Emotions, personality, social relationships
- Domains are ALL interrelated
oEach affects each other
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION
- Concept about nature of reality based on societally shared perceptions
INFLUENCES IN DEVELOPMENT
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
- Differences among children in characteristics, influences, developmental outcomes
oContext of lives (home, communities, societies)
HEREDITY
Inborn characteristics inherited from the biological parents
ENVIRONMENT
- Totality of nonheredity, or experimental influences on development
MATURATION
- Unfolding of a universal natural sequence of physical and behavioral
FAMILY
NUCLEAR FAMILY
- Household unit generally consists of one/two parents and children
- Historically, nuclear family  dominant (large, rural families)
- Nowadays, urban, smaller families an both parents work outside
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