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01:830:346- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
01:830:346
Professor
S.Mckenna
Study Guide
Final

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Rutgers
01:830:346
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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1
Rutgers University
ATYPICAL CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT
Exam 1 Study Guide (Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, & 5)
CHAPTER 1: THE SCIENCE AND PRACTICE OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
Prevalence Rates
about the TOTAL # of cases of whatever it is you are looking at
Incidence Rates
the # of NEW diagnosed cases
Comorbidity
talking about two disorders that are going on at the same exact time (two things that cooccur)
Psychotropic Medications
What are they? medications that are used in the area of psychiatry to treat disorders
Examples:
Prozac (can treat depression, obsessive compulsive disorder OCD, bulimia nervosa, and panic disorder)
No two people are the same and thus some medications may work better for some people
You have to try medication and be on it for at least 2-3 weeks to see its effect
Types of Psychotropic Medications:
Anti-Anxiety Medications
- can be addictive
- Example: Xanax (sedative that can treat anxiety or panic disorder)
- should not be solely used for treatment
Neuroleptics (Anti-psychotic medications)
- used to manage psychosis, principally in schizophrenia and bi-polar disorder
- PROBLEM: we do not have much information about the brain of the child and thus do not know
the long-term effects on children
In what ways does Age, Gender, and Socioeconomic Status (SES) effect the Prevalence Rates of
Mental Illness?
AGE
- You do not see a lot of mental illness being diagnosed during childhood (ages 0-11 yrs of age)
- As compared to adolescents, you do not see much
- not a lot of symptoms are obvious until adolescence because they do not have a voice till that age
- During childhood, children do not observe other kids and how they express their feelingstherefore
you do not hear much from them
- If you do not talk about, how does anyone really know what you are going through
GENDER
- Childhood = 0-11 years of age
- ADHD = more prevalence in boys
- Relationship Issues = more prevalence in girls
- Women and girls tend to ruminate more (tend to think about the problem even after it is over)
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2
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS (SES)
- might preclude some families to services
- they cannot afford it, do not know where to find the services they need, may not know they even
exist
- a family might not have the funds to send their child to a therapist or psychiatrist
- children pick up on the stress that parents have (they are observant and know when things are not
right)
- What are the factors that contribute to mental illness?
1). Parents Educational Level
- low educational level can prevent them from higher paying jobs which would alleviate stress
and problems
2). Families Income
- high SES, parents are higher functioning
- will not see much mental illness among them
- they will be passing those genes to their children
- less mental illness due to g eyes
- better environment and therefore less mental illness
3). Parents Employment
In what ways does ethnicity contribute to mental illness?
Acculturationcultural modification of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits
from another culture (merging of cultures)
You have people who come from a different country and may not be well acquainted with our culture in the
US
may not be fluent in English
may be a stressor and problems in communicating
may not know about health care services
Stigma = WORST SITUATION
May not be able to find appropriate servicesEXAMPLE: MULTISYSTEMIC THERAPY (MST)
MULTISYSTEMIC THERAPYintensive, family-focused and community-based treatment program from
chronically violent youth
specific for chronic disorders
if you have a child who is in trouble all the time from a different county, you may not know which is the
best treatment
there are a lot of things you do not know and don’t know where to find the help
if they address the chronic disorder across the board, the school officials, teachersmultisystem are
involved to find the most useful form to treat chronic disorders
shown to be very effective
Behavioral Inhibition
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