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01:840:112 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Reincarnation, God, Dualism


Department
Religion
Course Code
01:840:112
Professor
Dr. Dugan McGinley
Study Guide
Final

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01:840:112

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Common themes:
Death autobiographies - live today like it’s your last (not possible, our society emphasizes future
goals)
NDE’s- enlightening experience, conversions, wants to share
Suicide: battle between death and pain for being worse, believe that death is a better option.
Pain: emotional anguish vs. constant suffering. Can’t choose an unknown, becomes avoidance.
Death would not be a rational choice (usually want choices to be somewhat rational)
Death w dignity: dying on your own terms, no regrets, inner peace, dying for something you
believe in.
ARS MORIENDI - the art of dying. Modern, developed world different than ancient and simpler
cultures. Good way to die, die with self knowledge, forgiveness of others. Death is just the next
step. Death = natural (more religion). Not scary!!!!!
Modern - knowledge that this might be it.
20th century (medical developments) - death becomes scary, couldn’t conquer it and out of
touch with it.
60s and 70s tried to recapture ars moriendi (now death w dignity)
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2018 CE (not AD - trying to avoid christian connections)
Philippe Aries
Western Attitude towards death
1) Tamed Death (1st millenium up to 12th century)
a) Usually forewarned
b) Dying person prepared
c) Coexistence of living and dead
d) No expectation to live long, natural, no medical field fighting against death
2) Death of Self (12th century - 15th century)
a) Final judgement at time of death (instead of waiting for judgement)
b) Scary images of judgement
c) Individualization of tombs (prior to this, only rich ppl would have had a personal
burying place
3) Death of the Other (15th - 19th century)
a) Dying is more deeply grieved
b) Mourning is dramatic and romanticized
c) Gradual professionalization of burial (job of mortician = families didn’t have to
care for the dead bodies)
4) Wild Death/Forbidden Death (19th - 20th century - onward)
a) Fight death
b) Push it away
c) Medical field expanses, death became something that could be prevented
beyond what is natural
HOSPICE
People who have been disenfranchised before may see being told to stop treatment as being
disenfranchised again
Palliation (palliative care) - making you comfortable, PAIN MANAGEMENT. Treating symptoms.
Acute care - curative treatments. Treating the root cause.
Hope vs. prayer
Tethered to a single digit percentage (instead of embracing the probability of death, hope for
that 8% chance of survival - is it really better than just dying?)
Heart vs. brain
Define death (3 standards)
1) Cardiopulmonary standard
a) Heart stops, no pulse. Old fashioned (now have machines that can do those
things for you)
2) Whole brain standard
a) Modern
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