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01:840:211 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Uddaka Ramaputta, Bodh Gaya, Abhidharma


Department
Religion
Course Code
01:840:211
Professor
Jiang
Study Guide
Midterm

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Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction
Chapter 2 The story of the Buddha: his birth, four scenes, renunciation, study under two
teachers, enlightenment, teaching, death
Born in the Terai lowlands
Buddha means awakened one
Siddhattha Gotama
Born 566 BC
Apart of the warrior class
Life collected in canon scripture (Pali Canon)
3 baskets (pitaka)
The Discourses (Sutta)
The Monastic Rule (nikayas)
The Scholastic Treatises (abhidhamma)
Left the house at age 29 to receive enlightenment at 35 and teach till he was 80
Four important events are birth, enlightenment, first sermon, and death
White elephant = great religious teacher
Four scenes
Old age
Sick man
Corpse being carried
Samana
Left home (wife and kid) after the four scenes
Renunciation already existed (samana movement)
First Teacher
Alara Kalama
Mediational teaching that led to a trance
Sphere of nothingness
Second Teacher
Uddaka Ramaputta
Sphere of Perception or non perception
Enlightenment
Bodhi tree where Buddha achieved enlightenment
First watch: look back on the past
Second watch: see the dead and rebirth
Third watch: no craving or ignorance
Bodh Gaya
Teaching
Discourse Sutta called Setting in motion the wheel of the dharma
Taught five saints to monks
Acted as missionaries
Viharas are monasteries
Death
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The Discourse of the Great Decease
Died at 80
No successor
Died between two Sal trees in Kusinara
Decay is inherent in all things (last words)
Chapter 3 Six realms of rebirth and the special characteristics of each realm; three spheres of
universe according to Buddhism (p.39); karma
Six Realms
Gods divided into 26 mansions
Titans: warlike beings at the mercy of violent impulses
Animals: lack intellectual capacity
Hell: place of woes and suffering hot and cold hells
Ghosts: unhappy spirits
Humans: free will seen as the middle way
Three spheres
Sphere of Formlessness (arupavacara) 31-28
Sphere of pure form (rupavacara) 27-12 higher gods
Sphere of sense desires (kamavacara) 11-1 lower gods, humans, titans, ghosts,
animals, hell
Karma
Kara takes people to different levels
Natural law akin to gravity not god
Moral choices through body, speech, or mind
Chapter 4 Four Noble Truths; five factors of individuality (five aggregates: p.51); three roots of
craving (p.55); three marks of existence (p.55); parable of the poisonous arrow (p.58); eightfold
noble paths
Four Noble Truths
The truth of suffering (dukkha)
The truth arising (samudaya)
Causes of suffering
The truth of Cessation (nirodha)
Rejection and renunciation
The truth of the path
8 fold path
Five Factors of Individuality
Physical body (rupa)
Sensation and feeling (Vedana)
Cognitive (sanna)
Character traits and deposition (sankhara)
Consciousness or sentiency (vinnana)
Three Roots of Craving
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