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01:920:101 Final: Final Study Guide_Research Methods.1


Department
Sociology
Course Code
01:920:101
Professor
Sergei Erofeev
Study Guide
Final

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Research Methods
Steps in the research progress
1. Define the research problem
2. Review the evidence
3. Make the problems precise
4. Work out a design
5. Carry out the research
6. Interpret the results
7. Report the findings
Independent and dependent variables
Independent variable-
the variable that is changed or controlled in a scientific experiment to test
the effects on the dependent variable
Dependent variable
- the variable being tested and measured in a scientific experiment
Hypothesis - an idea or educated guess about a given state of affairs, put forward as bases for
empirical testing
Advantages and disadvantages of survey, ethnography and experiment
Definition
Advantages
Disadvantages
Surveys
A method of
sociological research in
which questionnaires
are administered to the
population being
studied
- Make possible the efficient
collection of data on large
number of individuals
- Allow for precise
comparisons to be made
among the answers of
respondents
- Material gathered may
be superficial; if
questionnaire is highly
standardized, important
differences among
respondents view points
may be glossed over
- Responses may be what
people profess to believe
rather than what they
actually believe
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