AFRAS 170A Study Guide - Final Guide: Upland South, White Southerners, Disfranchisement

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1. Where was the largest free black urban population in the period between 1820-1860?
a. Philadelphia
b. New York
c. Virginia
d. Massachusetts
2. What did the Democratic Party and the Whig Party have in common?
a. They were both against the spread of slavery to the territories.
b. They really had nothing in common, since they were opposing parties.
c. They both favored secession by the South.
d. They were both led by slaveholders, and neither really championed black rights.
3. Most white Northerners in the period from 1820 to 1860:
a. were generally more liberal than Southerners in race issues.
b. wanted nothing to do with blacks, and had the same kind of racist ideas as Southerners.
c. were about equally divided between those who wanted slavery to continue and those who
fought against it.
d. thought that blacks were very hard, honest workers, and would take jobs away from them.
4. How did whites justify taking the vote away from blacks while enfranchising more white men?
a. They thought that whites would be angry and start violence.
b. They did not want blacks to gain political power.
c. They thought that it would encourage blacks to seek social equality with whites.
d. All of these answers are correct.
5. What form of discrimination did all free blacks in urban areas face in the North
a. Disfranchisement
b. Segregation
c. Inability to own property
d. All of these answers are correct.
6. Why was it difficult for blacks to find jobs in the North after 1820?
a. There were very few jobs in the North after 1820.
b. White immigration increased, and employers preferred to hire whites.
c. Racism began in the North only after 1820.
d. All of these answers are correct.
7. Why did separate black congregations begin to be criticized within the black community?
a. Some, including Frederick Douglass, thought that they were just another example of
segregation in American society.
b. Some thought that black ministers were being far too intellectual and not speaking to the
common black member.
c. Some thought that the black churches should be more involved with the community, rather
than simply holding worship services.
d. All of these answers are correct.
8. What was not a difference between free blacks in the upper South and in the North? * (actually all
the above)
a. Fewer free blacks lived in cities in the North than in the upper South.
b. Free blacks in the upper South could be quickly sold into slavery to pay for the cost of their
arrest, or to pay off debts.
c. Free blacks in the upper South were always assumed by whites to be slaves unless they
could prove otherwise.
d. None of these answers is correct.
9. What types of laws did Indiana, Michigan, Iowa, and Wisconsin pass regarding black citizens in their
states?
a. They all allowed blacks to vote, and banned segregation.
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b. They all pushed for women’s rights well before the beginning of the national women’s rights
movement.
c. They banned all blacks from the state in their constitutions.
d. They tried to bring slavery into their states, but failed.
10. Where were the two largest African Methodist Episcopal churches?
a. Virginia and New Orleans
b. New York City and Philadelphia
c. Massachusetts and Vermont
d. Rhode Island and New York
11. What was not the result of inadequate public funding for black schools in the North?
a. Teaching suffered, since the pay was so low.
b. Many Northerners, even those who favored abolition, thought that black students were
poorer intellectually.
c. Some black leaders began to push for integrated schools in the North.
d. White teachers refused to teach there at all.
12. How were the lives of free blacks in the deep South different from the lives of free blacks in the
Upper South?
a. They were much fewer in number in the deep South, as it was harder to become free.
b. Free blacks in the deep South were generally of mixed race.
c. A sophisticated caste system developed in the deep South, with free blacks often more
closely identifying with the white masters than slaves.
d. All of these answers are correct.
13. Regarding employment, free blacks in the upper South:
a. were never hired by whites, since they could get free slave labor.
b. faced less competition from immigrants until the 1850s, and therefore could get jobs in
industry more easily than blacks in the North.
c. were skilled workers, such as carpenters, bakers, and barbers.
d. All of these answers are correct.
14. What types of skilled jobs were black men able to find?
a. Ironwork or bricklayers
b. Newspaper journalists
c. House servants
d. Shoemakers or barbers
15. Which of the following was not true about the black elite?
a. The black elite could serve as a bridge between liberal whites and the black community.
b. They were often clergy, black professionals, or businessmen who had attained some status
in a segregated community.
c. Complexion played no role in status in urban areas.
d. None of these answers is correct.
16. What themes did many black authors during the antebellum period emphasize?
a. Slavery and the contradictions between it and American stated values.
b. That if blacks trusted in God, slavery would end.
c. The kindness of many Northerners and the evils of many Southerners.
d. Black authors generally tried to mimic white authors, and looked at many of the same
themes.
17. How did Africans participate in the abolitionist movement in 19th century?
a. They assisted secretly in the South and North
18. What was not a limitation of abolition movement:
a. Blacks and whites wouldn’t agree
19. What role did white southerners think that free blacks played in slave revolts?
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