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MUSIC 151 Quiz: Exam_11_Part_2

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EXAM 11 – PART 2 Seventies Rock The anti-war, communal living, free love “us” generation of the 1960s, slowly began to evolve into the “me” generation of the 1970s. What historian Joe Stuessy vividly describes as the “me- ism,” of the 1970s, resulted in the fragmentation of society into many distinctive groups. This also had a toll on music, fragmenting a large genre into many subgenres, such as pop rock, heavy metal, and punk, all within the rock category. Heavy Metal The demographic for heavy metal’s audience is largely white male teenagers with an interest in aggressiveness and strength. Lavish performances included smoke machines, light shows, and pyrotechnics. Lyrics and visual themes draw from horror films, violence and gore, with artists clad in black leather and menacing makeup. The key to heavy metal is power, it is extremely loud and does not emphasize danceability. It is more of a concert music, involving changes of tempo and long instrumental passages. Songs are harmonically simple and founded on a powerful recurring bass line. The center of attention in a heavy metal band is the guitarist (whose performance outweighs that of the lead vocalist or any other member of the band), by offering spectacular displays of technical virtuosity. Heavy metal’s origins can be traced back to the blues-based British rock bands and aggressive American rock bands. British inspiration came from the Rolling Stones and the Animals, for their rebellious image and hard-driving blues music. Both, the Rolling Stones’ album “Aftermath,” and The Who’s song “My Generation,” were precedents of the heavy metal style. The precursor to heavy metal in America was the group Steppenwolf, who used the term “heavy metal” in reference to motorcycles in the 1968 biker anthem “Born to Be Wild.” Other American forerunners of heavy metal include 1968’s “In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida,” by Iron Butterfly and Cream’s “Sunshine of Your Love.” • Listening example: “Born to Be Wild” Artist: Steppenwolf • Listening example: “In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida” Artist: Iron Butterfly The band that pioneered heavy metal guitar was the British band, the Yardbirds. The group was founded in 1963 during the English blues craze. The Yardbirds’ guitarist was first Eric Clapton, who after leaving the band, was succeeded by Jeff Beck and later by Jimmy Page, founder of the metal band, Led Zeppelin. The Yardbirds influenced heavy metal with their early use of guitar feedback in their 1966 recording of “Shapes of Things.” After leaving the Yardbirds, in 1966, Eric Clapton formed the trio Cream, with bassist Jack Bruce and drummer Ginger Baker. Although they originally had intended to be an R&B cover band, Cream instead adopted high volume, feedback, distortion techniques and extended improvisations. The band only lasted two years, but it deeply influenced heavy metal of the 1970s with their
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