[P H 290] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (12 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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P H 290
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PH 290 L2 Categories of Health and Social Services
Topics
- Healthcare agencies
- Healthcare organizations
- Healthcare facilities
What is Healthcare?
- The maintenance and improvement of physical and mental health, through the
poisio of edial seies: healthae okes
- Services offered:
o Health promotion- offered the most
o Disease prevention
o Diagnosis and treatment- not really offered
o Rehabilitation
Healthy People 2020
- Attain and promote high quality of life
- Social determinants of health
o Gender
o Race
o Ethnicity
o Education
o Income disability
o Geographic Location
o Sexual Orientation
- Increase number of health professions
- Health professions that are shortage of nurses, dentists (rural), primary care physicians,
family care doctors
What are Healthcare Agencies
- Facilities or agencies that exist solely for health care services
o National Agencies
o State Agencies
o World Health Organizations
o Local Health Agencies
o Government agencies
o Professional Health Associations
o Voluntary health agencies
o Philanthropic foundations
Who is a part of these healthcare agencies
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PH 290 L2 Categories of Health and Social Services
- Public Health Workers
- Nurses
- Doctors
- Assistants
- Technicians
- Clerks
- Secretaries
- Dieticians
- Social Workers
- Educators
- Physical/ Occupational/ Speech Therapists
Public Health Agencies
- Governmental health agencies
o Funded primarily by tax dollars
o Mangaed by governmental officials
- They exist at the four governmental levels
o International
o National
o State
o Local
- World Health Organization
o Most widely recognized international governmental health organization
o HQ- Geneva, Switzerland
o Six regional offices around the world
o UN charter in 1945 est. the need
o April 07, 1948 World Health Day
o Membership open to any nation that has the WHO constitution
o 2001, 191 countries were members
o Administered by director-general and 5 assistant director-generals
o Financed by it’s ee atios
o Purpose: worldwide guidance in the field of health
Set global standards for health
Cooperate with govts in strengthening national health programs
Develop and transfer appropriate health technology, information and
standards
National Health Agencies
- role of federal government:
o No constitutionally defined role for federal government in health
- Responsible for certain populations
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