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POL S 101 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: International Monetary Fund, Implied Powers, Capital Accumulation

Political Science
Course Code
POL S 101
Study Guide

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1 . Application of the Bill of Rights to states (MC) pg 201
The process the Supreme Court uses to extend the Bill of Rights into the states is called:
Selective Incorporation
2. Elastic Clause (MC) pg 102
The necessary and proper clause is known as the elastic clause. It is found in the last paragraph of
article one section 8 of the constitution and expands federal power by granting the federal
government of all powers that are “necessary and proper” to carry out the enumerated powers of
*3. Marbury case and the ironies of judicial review (MC + W) pg. 192
-Marbury v. Madison case was a landmark decision because it represented the first time the
Supreme Court asserted the power of judicial review. Established that the primary purpose of the
U.S. Supreme Court is to verify that state and federal government behavior is consistent with the
principles outlined in the Constitution.
possible irony?: “Although Britain gave birth to the concept of common law, Britain has neither
judicial review or a constitution upon which it can depend.”
Judicial Review was first used on an issue involving the judicial process, rather than on a
question involving the constitutional authority of one of the other two branches of
government (somewhere in ch 7)
the branch of government responsible for interpreting the US Constitution is actually the
least democratic of our 3 branches. The US Supreme Court consists of 9 Supreme Court
Justices who deliberate behind closed doors without the threat of impeachment. This is
because the judiciary was viewed as the least controversial branch. (summary of ch 7)
4. Presidential Cabinet appointment process (MC) -previous test q.-
The U.S. Constitution provides that cabinet members are appointed by: President and
The nomination is submitted by the President in writing to the Senate.
The nomination is referred to the committee with jurisdiction over the position or the agency in
which the position exists. i.e. The Armed Services Committee will review the Secretary of
Defense nominee.
Committee hearings may occur at this point.

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Once a nominee is placed on the Senate's Executive Calendar , floor consideration of the
nomination may occur.
The White House is notified of the confirmation or rejection of the nominee. The Congressional
Record includes all nominations submitted to the Senate, as well as the action taken on them.
5. Judicial Review comparatevily speaking he means compared to other
countries/governments (MC) p. 187
Judicial Review is the power granted to certain supreme courts (high courts) to declare acts
and laws passed by legislatures and executives to be invalid if they are in conflict with the
country’s constitution.
Legislative Supremacy (parliamentary) system: laws can only be overturned by legislators
(UK, Israel, Finland)
6. Bureaucracy-Democracy Tradeoff (MC + W) (lecture 22 slide 17) April 30-
No birds without bird dung.
Mancur Olson explained the decline of the U.S. economy in the 1970s as the consequence of our
political system, which gave corporations an incentive to seek subsidies from the government
rather than to compete with industrialists in other countries.
=They also believed that it was possible to completely separate policy making from policy
implementation, restricting the politics to policy-making and not implementation.
7. Dahl’s Polyarchy (MC) -previous test qs-
What feature does Dahl state most distinguishes modern representative democracy from
forms of democracy? Universal Suffrage
Why does Dahl contend that democracy requires free expression? In order for citizens to
participate effectively in political life. In order to hear what others have to say. To acquire
an enlightened understanding of possible government actions and policies. To acquire civic
competence and to engage in discussion and deliberation. All of these choices.
Why does Dahl think that democracy requires independent associations? a) To advance
causes and promote policies. b) To continue political activity between elections. c) To
provide a source of civic education and enlightenment. d) To provide citizens with
information and opportunities for discussion, deliberation, and the acquisition of political
skills. e) All of these choices.

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8. Barany reading (MC)
Not withstanding the many negative effects of British rule, it did establish a number of
indispensable institutions, including:
-a dependant judiciary.
-an ineffective civil service.
-a central authority.
-a politicized police and military.
-None of these choices.
The movement of millions during partition and the imposition of the Urdu language, created in
the new Pakistan:
-instability, social upheaval and mistrust of political elites.
Contrast the leadership in place for Pakistan with the leadership of India at the time of Pakistan.
How has this impacted political development in Pakistan?
What role has the military played in Pakistan's political development?
-First, the political legacies of British colonialism impacted India and Pakistan differently.
Second, the circumstances of British India's 1947 partition and the events of the immediate post-
partition period suggest several reasons for the different political trajectories of its two successor
states. Finally, within the first decade of its independence, the authoritarian mold of Pakistan's
political system was cast, and since then we have witnessed different permutations of that early
prototype. Thus, the Pakistani experience supports the argument that the fate of political
transitions is frequently determined in the first few years after the fall of the ancient regime
9. Nelson reading (MC)
NAZI propaganda did not utilize:
-appeals to reason.
"Propagandists of the deed" refers to:
-Adolph Hitler and Joseph Goebbels.
-NAZI martyrs.
-NAZI agitators
-Storm Troops
-All of these choices
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