○A need for production of public goods
●State-building in the European Union
○association of 27 states in Europe that have agreed to coordinate their economic policy and policy areas.
○It lacks the central authority of a real state
○Includes free trade, agricultural policy, and common currency (euros)
○Structure: 1- The Commision, 2- The European Council, 3- The Parliament, 4- The Court of Justice
Nations and Nationalism
●What does the “international order of nation-states” entail?
○Presumes that the world divides equally into “peoples” and homelands BUT historical homelands are largely a myth, “national
cultures” happened recently, and there is constant conflict over nations.
●Nations as “imagined communities”
○Group of strangers who believe they share something fundamental in common; ex: having a “homeland” or having a right to self-
●Significance of family metaphors:
○1. helps them feel tied together ( motherland, brotherhood)
○2. Acts of leaders and states(creating songs, books, flags, and symbols) helped the leaders to claim “nation”.
●How did the idea of a Nation come about?
○Historical developments(language, history) or printing press. Because things were chaotic under the empire
●Nationalism: you should know the definition and be able to recognize what kinds of conflicts it inspires
○Nationalism is a passionate identification with the state
○conflicts = secessionist movements, expansionist wars to unite “a people”, and expulsion and violence against internal minorities.
●What continuing conflicts or struggles occur over national identity and why? Constant struggle over what key things a community
really shares: who is included or excluded? what quantities are central vs. marginal? What's in the middle of “real americans”?
Shively Chpt 3
●What is the difference between “nation” and “state”?
○ a state is a political unit that has ultimate sovereignty, and a nation is a large group of people bound together by a common culture
●Why is nationalism convenient for governments?
○Easy to control people
●Why do states represent themselves as “nation-states”?
○To gain LEGITIMACY
○Because states tries to promote feelings of common nationhood among the people living within its boundaries.
Policies in Industrialized and Developing States
●You should recognize the various terms used to describe industrialized vs. less developed states in the world (also in Shively)
○First World vs Second World Vs Third world
■Aligned with US
■Second World - Former Soviet Union
■Countries not involved in the war
○West vs East
○Global North (Rich Countries) vs Global South (Poorer countries)
●Why do industrialized states spend more money than less developed states?
○b/c maintaining the “advance” is expensive