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POL S 101 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Judicial Restraint, Judicial Activism, Thomas Hill Green

5 pages402 viewsFall 2014

Political Science
Course Code
POL S 101
Study Guide

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1. The special meaning of the word “state” in political science is: What is commonly referred to as a country.
2. This theory pointed out the existence of systemic power: Neo-pluralist Theory.
3. This theory highlighted the importance of agenda-setting: Neo-elitist Theory.
4. This theory claimed voter apathy signaled contentment with the status quo. Pluralist Theory
5. The method used to arrive at pluralist theory was: Decisional
6. The method used to arrive at elitist theory was: Reputational.
7. The method used to arrive at neo-elitist theory was: Non-decisional
8. The elitists argued that power in the city was: Direct and intentional.
9. The neo-elitists argued that power in the city was: Indirect and intentional.
10. The neo-pluralists argued that power in the city was: Indirect and situational.
11. According to economists, what we call public goods are: Non-excludable and non-rival
12. According to economists, what we call club/toll goods are: Excludable and non-rival
13. According to economists, what we call common-pool resources are: Non-excludable and rival.
14. The Stag Hunt differs from the Prisoner’s Dilemma game in that: The best payoff for each individual occurs
when all cooperate in hunting the stag.
15. In the absence of remedial institutions and norms, anyone facing the logic of the
Prisoner’s Dilemma has an incentive to: e) Defect without regard to the other player’s actions.
16. For Spruyt, the competitors to the sovereign state included the: City state/city league/ empire d) All of these.
17. According to Marx, the modern state was created as an instrument: b) Of power to keep workers under control.
18. Political conflicts that have been caused by a disparity between state boundaries and a
people’s sense of nationhood have taken place in: a) Belgium. b) Canada. c) Russia. d) Spain. e) All of these.
19. What entity in the contemporary world has “ultimate sovereignty?” c) A state.
20. Organizations that maintain a monopoly of violence over a territory are called: e) States.
21. An institution that is accepted as right and proper is seen as: c) Legitimate.
22. Which of the below did Max Weber regard as basic forms of legitimacy? a) Charismatic. b) Rational-legal. c)
Traditional. d) Both “a” and “b”. e) All of the above.
23. Sovereignty is defined as the ability of: c) States to carry out actions or policy independent of outside actors or
internal rivals.
24. States been the dominant form of political organization since a) The Peace of Westphalia.
25. Marx used the term “bourgeoisie” to refer to the: c) Property-owning class..
26. Marx identified this class as most likely to lead the Communist Revolution d) Proletariat.
27. For Spruyt, the key driver in the state’s assumption of dominance was: a) Economic transactions.
28. Spruyt contends that once sovereign states had the upper hand, they created the
international state system by: e) Recognizing other sovereign states.
29. Which best explains the differences between historians and political scientists? b) Historians are reluctant to
generalize, while political scientists look for generalizations.
30. Which of the following did Machiavelli contribute to the study of politics? b) The role of power in politics.
31. The ability of A to get B to do what A wants is known as d) Power.
32. Machiavelli is associated with the concept of. b) Power.
33. Rationality is based on which of the following?
a) Biology. b) Culture. c) Myth.
d) Reason. e) None of these
34. Which of the following explanations of power might examine the tolerance of individuals?
a) Authority. b) Control. c) Culture .
d) Rational. e) None of these.
Please answer questions 35-37 using the following list of options:
a) Authority. b) Legitimacy. c) Monarchy.
d) Sovereignty. e) All of these.
35. The notion that we acknowledge the rightful roles of our leaders or our laws is known as: b
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36. Issues related to a border dispute between the United States and Canada would relate to: d
37. The notion that you respect the United States Congress, even though it is controlled by a
party with which you do not agree, pertains to: b
38. Thomas Hobbes wrote that “the life of man [is] solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and…”:
a) Depressing. b) Endless. c) Long. d) Short. e) Tiring.
39. Which of the following is most consistent with the idea of a social contract?
a) Citizens are more concerned with their own social situation than the community.
b) Citizens prefer solitary lives to living in groups.
c) Government should be limited to ensure individual freedom.
d) Individuals join and stay in civil society. e) All of these.
40. Social contracts, the state of nature, and civil society are phrases best associated with:
a) Behavioralism. b) The contractualists. c) Marxists.
d) Socialists. e) Systems theory.
41. Which of the following would most likely be supported by the bourgeoisie?
a) Conflict for economic gain. b) Equality for all. c) Minority rights.
d) A revolt by the proletariat. e) All of these.
42. Adam Smith is most associated with which concept?
a) Classic liberalism. b) Communism. c) Modern liberalism.
d) Socialism. e) All of these.
43. Which of the following best undermines the Marxist argument?
a) Capitalism has survived major stock market crashes.
b) Capitalist society's frequently collapse.
c) India has a democratic government.
d) Socialism is the natural replacement of capitalism. e) None of these.
44. Which of the following best describes classical liberalism and modern conservatism?
a) Classical liberalism and modern conservatism were developed by Karl Marx.
b) Classical liberalism is the opposite of modern conservatism.
c) Classical liberalism is similar to modern conservatism.
d) Neither classical liberalism nor modern conservatism continues to exist.
e) Both “a” and “b”.
45. Classic liberals have little in common with __________?
a) Adam Smith. b) Classic conservatives. c) Modern conservatives.
d) Modern liberals. e) Radicals.
46. Karl Marx used the term __________ to refer to everything built on top of the economy.
a) Behavioralism. b) Infrastructure. c) Institutions.
d) The social contract. e) Superstructure.
47. Modern conservatism adopts elements of which of the following?
a) Economic views from Edmund Burke and social views from Adam Smith.
b) Economic and social views from Adam Smith.
c) Economic views from Adam Smith and social views from Thomas Hill Green.
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