[SOC 101] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (14 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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SOC 101
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Sociology: What is it? What’s i it for ou?
Lecture Notes 1/19
sociology scientific study of society human group behavior, groups,
and patterns
o recent, always changing, h e do’t understand too much of
it
dyad two or more people involved in some sort of interaction; a
two-person group
we need groups to survive, physically, emotionally and in order to
have identity
you cannot understand human behavior unless seen has a group
phenomenon
in order to understand a person, look at the groups around them and
how they affect the person
you can study a group as if it is a thing
pattern something that repeats itself or reoccurs regularly
o if there’s a patter, there’s a ause
o we need patterns for survival
o all human behavior is patterns
Gauss’ POV
o we are born looking for patterns
o not sure if human nature really exists
Chapter 1 Textbook Notes
sociology the systematic study of human society and social
interaction
society a large social grouping that shares the same geographical
territory and is subject to the same political authority and dominant
cultural expectations
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2
o ex: US, Mexico, Nigeria
sociological imagination the ability to see the relationship between
individual experiences and the larger society
high-income countries nations with highly industrialized economies;
technologically advanced industrial, administrative, and service
occupations; and relatively high levels of national and personal income
o ex: US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, countries of
Western Europe
middle-income countries nations with industrializing economies,
particularly in urban areas, and moderate levels of national and
personal income
o ex: nations of Eastern Europe and many Latin American
countries
low-income countries primarily agrarian nations with little
industrialization and low levels of national and personal income
o e: atios of Afria ad Asia, esp People’s Repuli of Chia
industrialization process by which societies are transformed from
dependence of agriculture and handmade products to an emphasis on
manufacturing and related industries
urbanization process by which an increasing proportion of a
population lives in cities rather than in rural areas
Auguste Comte French philosopher
o coined the term sociology
o soeties osidered to e the fouder of soiolog
o his theory: includes social statics and social dynamics
o divided sociology into theories of stability and the practice of
social interventionism
o positivism a belief that the world can best be understood
through scientific inquiry
has two dimensions: 1 methodological, 2 social and
political
Harriet Martineau British sociologist
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