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ANTH 150- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 20 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 150
Professor
anaaruajo
Study Guide
Midterm

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Santa Clara
ANTH 150
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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- Anthropology is the study of human diversity through time and space
- Sociocultural anthropology
- The study of living human cultures and societies based on participant-
observation in fieldwork
- Based on qualitative data (interviews, fieldnotes)
- Results in ethnography
- Ethnocentrism: the tendency to evaluate other cultures or ways of life through the lens of
your own
- Cultural relativism: the belief that we must understand others cultural practices on their
own terms
- Culture is learned
- Transmitted socially rather than biologically inherited
- Culture is multiple
-
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Anthrosource
Anthropology plus
Proposal due january 31st
Office hours monday 2:30-4:30
Myth, Symbolism, and Taboo
- Symbolic anthropology - the study of cultural symbols and how those symbols can be
interpreted to a particular society
- A symbol is a cultural expression which has a particular culture has arbitrarily associated
with a particular meaning
- Geertz on religion - system of symbols
- Two types of symbols
- Root metaphors provide orientations, teach ways of being in and thinking about
the world
- Key Scenarios are stories or myths that portray cultural beliefs of values
- Myth provides knowledge about how the world works, how to control the world, myth and
science coexist
- The Virgin of Guadalupe as a Mexican national symbol
- She appeared in 1531 to christian indian
- 17th century - her cult expands dramatically - represents syncretization of Roman
Catholic and local religion
- Embodied political and religious aspirations of the era
- Hero with a Thousand Faces - Joseph Campbell (1949)
- Common elements in different myths, tales,
- Taboo - object or behavior that is off limits, uphold culture system
- Serve as cultural devices to protect distinctive categories of the universe
- Why is ambiguity seen as threatening and uncomfortable
- Notions of pollution are (generally) culturally based
- Food prohibitions - dietary laws of leviticus represent ideal constructions of reality
represented by God’s plan of creation, based upon perfection, order, and
holiness.
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