[PUBH 102] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 30 pages long Study Guide!

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USC
PUBH 102
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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IMAGES OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Hand washing
Food safety/restaurant inspection
Clean water, air, sanitation
Germs, disease
Health department
Smoking bans
Shots
Heath care, seeing the doctor
Medicaid, entitlement programs
Seat belts, child car seats
Recycling
Sex ed
BUT IT IS MORE THAN THAT
Prevention
o Only 4 cents of every dollar is spent on prevention
o Ex. smoke-free areas, health screenings at annual checkups
Protection
o Protecting ourselves from environmental threats
o Food safety, air and water quality
Promotion
o Discounts on insurance if you can prove you're not smoking or if you prove you're
going to a gym
Prolonging
o Improving the quality and length of our lives
Product safety
o Consumer product safety commission
o Aims to prevent consumer death and injury due to consumption of products
o Ex. Ikea dressers come with brackets, that way they can't fall on kids
o Cribs are different now- the sides lower, the slats are closer together
Physical, social, economic environments
o If your family works out, you're more likely too
o If someone in your family has to change their diet, the whole family does to show
support
o Sidewalks, lights, access to parks, bike lines are all physical support
o Economic- providing living wages, having minimum wage that people can actually
live on and not have to work multiple jobs; more people that live in poverty have
shorter lives and more chronic diseases
Big Picture
o Risk factors and risk conditions
Populations
o Family units, communities, states, university, work place
o Epidemiologists look at specific populations that can be divided by ethnicity, age,
gender, etc
MUST DEFINE
Health issues
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Society's shared health concerns
Population
Vulnerable (at risk/ high risk groups)
Risk factors and risk conditions
DEFINITIONS OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, promoting health and efficiency
through organized community effort
Successive re-defining of the unacceptable
Fulfilling society's interest in assuring conditions in which people can be healthy
To promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and
disability
WHAT IS THE PH PROGRAM
Supposedly Zika can affect a baby that's even exposed to it while in the womb
A lot of people are starting to get sepsis
WHAT IS THE POPULATION AT RISK
Anyone that's already sick or injured, or being treated for cancer, already having an
autoimmune disease, and people over the age of 65 are all more likely to develop sepsis
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS AND DETERMINANTS
High heart rate, cough, chest pains, etc can all be mistaken as something else, when really
the patient may have sepsis
Making people more educated and aware would help prevent the development of sepsis
Infections tend to be spread in hospitals because of physicians forgetting to wash their
hands in between patients, so this could also be a contributing factor
WHERE WE DONATE VS. DISEASES THAT KILL US
We donate the most amount of money to breast cancer, yet the biggest thing that kills us
is heart diseases
Breast cancer has less deaths, yet we put more money into it
The gov isn't spending a lot of money on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, yet it kills
a lot of people
The gov IS spending a lot of money on diabetes, yet it isn't killing a lot of us
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