PHIL 134 Quiz: Rights Quiz Notes
Course CodePHIL 134
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Rights Quiz Notes
○ Rights are a justified claim to a certain kind of treatment from others, to help
others or to be left alone by others
○ We believe in rights so much that we don’t look for any justification— we just
believe that we HAVE rights
○ The results that arise if rights are violated are not relevant. Consequences of
violating rights of others are not relevant.
○ We understand that rights can be beneficial to us, but those benefits are not the
○ Even if you get no benefit, you still have the right.
○ Thus, rights are important in themselves and not because of some factors or
ethics outside of rights theory.
○ Early rights theory was written as philosophers sought political and legal rights
The beginning of RIGHTS
○ Philosophers such as Hobbes and Locke proposed that we find in the natural
state of man
○ Used to justify rights in the ethical sense
○ With ethical justification, it would be possible to argue for legal rights for
○ Concerned with governments and the relationship of governments to society
○ Government helps
○ Negative rights almost always trump positive rights
Prima Facie rights
○ rights are rights that appear at first to be important until some more important
right stands in its way, then the prima facie does not seem so important.
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