DPH 430 Study Guide - Final Guide: Abdominal Pain, Allergy, Chest Pain

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Human Sexuality Final Study Guide
Two methods of contraceptives:
o Barrier method
Possible side effects:
Breaking
Allergic reaction to the latex
Advantages:
Prevents pregnancy and diseases
Easily accessible
Disadvantages:
Unknown breaking
o Hormonal method
Possible side effects: “ACHES”
Abdominal pain
Chest pain
Headaches
Eye Problems
Swelling and/or aching in the legs
Advantages:
Pills are easy to take
Offer protection against bone thinning
Disadvantages:
Health risk
Having to remember to take it daily
Methods of contraceptives
o Barrier methods
o Spermicides
o Hormonal methods
o Intrauterine devices
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2
Barrier methods: place a physical barrier between the sperm and egg
Spermicides: kill the sperm before they can get to the egg
Hormonal methods: inhibit the release of the oocyte from the ovary
Intrauterine devices: prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg
Hormonal Methods of Birth Control:
o The Pill
o BC Shot (Depo-Provera)
o Birth Control Patch
o The Vaginal Ring (NuvaRing)
o Implants
Barrier Methods of Birth Control
o Male Condoms
Spermicides: a chemical that is toxic to sperm
o Disadvantages:
Possible irritation of genital or rectal tissues
Increase the risk of HIV, STI’s, AIDS **
Possible allergic reactions
Intrauterine Devices:
o Inserted into the uterus and emits copper or progestin to kill
sperm
o Works for 3-5 years
o Advantages:
Long-acting
Fertility rebounds quickly after having it removed
Requires little care
o Disadvantages:
Spotting between periods in the first few months
Insertion may be uncomfortable and cause cramping or
backaches for a few days
It can slip out of the uterus
What is cut when men are sterilized?
o Vas deferens
How is a woman sterilized?
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