PSY 436 Quiz: Exam 1 Review

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PSY 436 Exam 1 Review
1
Chapter 1:
12% of the population diagnosed with depression
Psychological Disorder, 3 D’s
o Dysfunction
o Distress
o Deviance
Four Areas of Disturbance:
o Thought
o Emotion
o Behavior
o Social
Homosexuality used to be considered a disorder until 1973
Drapetomania: slaves created this disorder when they wanted to get away from their
captors.
How do we determine what is abnormal?
o At least one of three characteristics must be present:
Violate social norms or are statistically deviant
Interfere with functioning
Cause great personal distress
What is a psychological disorder?
o A pattern of behavior or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas
and create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms.
Demonology
o The study of demons or beliefs about demons, especially the methods used to
summon and control them.
Three General Theories:
o Biological- originating in the body
o Supernatural- spirits, god(s), angels, demons, etc.
o Psychological- Arising from the mind
Exorcism:
o An attempt to cast out a spirit possessing an individual
Trephination
o Cutting a hole in a person’s skull to help release a harmful spirit
Moral treatment
o Humane type of care emphasized during the reform movement period paved the
way for the modern approach to mental disorders
Hippocrates
o Abnormal behavior due to physical disease
Hippocrates’ Humoral Theory
o Disorders caused by imbalance of the four major bodily fluids, blood, black bile,
yellow bile, and phlegm.
o Blackbile (melancholia)= depression
o Yellowbile (choleric)= angry
o Blood (sanguine) = courageous, hopeful, amorous
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PSY 436 Exam 1 Review
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o Phlegm (phlegmatic) = calm, unemotional
o Bloodletting and vomiting common treatments
o Hysteria = madness and suffocation in women believed to be caused by
wandering uterus becoming lodged in some other part of the body.
Somatogenesis vs Psychogenesis
o Somatogenesis: something in the body has caused a psychological disorder
o Psychogenesis:: when there is an abnormality it is caused by a psychological
malfunction
Asylums:
o Places set aside for people with mental disorder
Figures Instigating Change
o Dorothea Dix
Advocate for moral therapy in America
Initiated legal reforms for jails, asylums
Helped establish over 30 mental institutions
o Benjamin Rush
Humane treatment; abnormal behavior not due to character flaws
o William Tuke
The Retreat at York
General Paresis
o A problem with mental function due to damage to the brain from untreated
syphilis
o Penicillin
Biological:
o Structural and functional abnormalities; disease processes
Psychoanalytic perspective
o Focuses on the role of the unconscious
Behaviorism
o Learning or conditioning; reinforcement and punishment in determining behavior
Cognitive approach
o How people think about their world determines their emotions and behaviors
Chapter 2:
Somatogenic: Of or arising from physiological causes rather than being psychogenic in
origin
Genotype: actual genetic code
Phenotype: product of genetic material in the environment
Part of the Nervous System:
o Central: brain and spinal cord
o Peripheral Nervous System:
Somatic Nervous System: Conveys information between body and brain
Autonomic Nervous System:
Sympathetic: fight/flight
Parasympathetic: rest and recovery
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PSY 436 Exam 1 Review
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Depression caused by distorted thoughts
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