SWK 301 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Child Protective Services, Child Abuse, Independent Living

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Intro to Social Work Test 3 Study Guide
Define Social Work: The professional activity of helping individuals,
families, groups or communities enhance or restore their capacity for
social functioning or creating societal conditions favorable to that goal.
Family: a social unit where people form relationships and make a
commitment to live together as defined family group and provide for
the group’s social, emotional, and economic needs
Kinship: common ancestry, marriage, adoption
Nuclear Family: one or more parents live with their dependent children
apart from other relatives
Extended Family: parents, children, and other relatives live in the same
household or in close proximity
Divorce rates: lower for college graduates; 40-50%
Blended families: partners in a committed relationship with children
from previous relationships and possibly children together
Marriage Equality: include equal status and acceptance of same-sex
unions
Cohabitation: couples living together before marriage
Domestic violence: a broad range of acts of violence against family
members
Child maltreatment: the abuse of children; 81% committed by parents
Child Welfare: practices, policies, and services to promote child well-
being and safety
Child Protective Services: programs that respond to reports of child
maltreatment
Types of Child Maltreatment (4):
o Child physical abuse: deliberate use of physical force that injures
or could injure a child
o Child sexual abuse: engaging (or attempting to engage) sexually
with a child or exploiting a child for sexual purposes
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2
o Child neglect: failing to meet basic needs, including physical,
emotional, educational, and medical
o Child psychological maltreatment: public embarrassment, verbal
cruelty, intimidation, threats, and deprivation of love
Child Welfare Services include: (5)
o Adoption
o Family life education
o Child protective services
o In-home-family-centered intervention
o Residential services
Public Child Welfare Agencies:
o Serve large numbers of people
o Funded by tax revenue
o Run by federal/state government
Private Child Welfare Agencies
o Rely on pay for service
o Serve smaller populations
o Less bureaucratic
o More specialized
Child abuse became criminal: 1960’s
Shaken baby syndrome: infants and toddlers sustain serious brain
injury as a result of being physically shaken
Mandated reporting: professionals working with children must report
suspicion of child abuse
Family-based services: Counseling, therapy, skill building, advocacy,
educational, and other services
Family preservation services: aim to help at-risk families prevent child
removal through comprehensive aid and services
Family Foster Care: Trained and licensed parents can provide homes
for children removed from their homes
Family reunification services: aim to reunite children in the system
with their families
Adoption services: permanent rendering of parental rights to a new set
of parents
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