SWK 301 Study Guide - Final Guide: Mental Health Parity Act, Mental Health, Mental Disorder

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Intro to Social Work Final Study Guide
Social workers are: the largest providers of mental health services
Clinical social workers: evaluate and work with people with mental
disorders, addictions, behavioral problems
What percent of people have mental health condition?: 20%
Mental Health: relative emotional well-being, ability to make rational
decisions and cope with stressors
Mental Illness: disease that causes disturbance in thinking, perception,
behavior
Behavioral health: includes prevention and well-being, on top of
intervening with people struggling with mental illness
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: the book used
to diagnose and categorize disorders
When was the first hospital for the mentally ill built? 1773
Dorthea Dix: fought for humane treatment of people with mental
illness in the in 1800s
Mary Richmond: showed links between poverty and mental illness
National Mental Health Act
o Aimed to improve the treatment/education options
o 1949: Founding of National Institute of Mental Health
Mental Health Parity Act (1998): policy indicating mental health should
receive the same insurance coverage and professional care as physical
illnesses
What is addiction? : Use of substance or behavior that impacts
relationship, ability to function, ability to cope with ordinary tasks and
activities, thoughts, emotions, interactions with others, family,
community members, psychological state
Substance use disorder: mental disorder associated with use of
substance
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Substance dependence: continued use of craving associated with
greater tolerance
Causes of substance abuse: Genetics & Environment
Co-dependency: other people in the user’s environment may enable
the substance abuse
What is the most common substance abuse? : alcohol
Binge Drinking: reaching a 0.08 BAC within 2 hours of starting to drink
What does your BAC have to be to be considered legally drunk? : 0.08
What are forms of addictions? (8)
o Alcohol
o Prescription Drugs
o Illegal Drugs and Marijuana
o Anabolic Steroids
o Tobacco/Nicotine
o Food/Caffeine
o Gambling
o Sex Addiction
Detoxification: aims to purge body of intoxicants, aid individuals
through withdrawal
Recovery: comes after detox and may be lifelong; process of change
aimed to help people reach their full potential
Health: living in a physically and emotionally healthy way
Home: maintaining a stable/safe place to live
Purpose: pursuing meaningful daily activities
Community: social networks that provide support, friendship, love,
and hope
Five Stages of Change
o Precontemplation
o Contemplation
o Preparation
o Action
o Maintenance
Senescence: biological process of aging
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Aging: process of change in an organism over its lifespan
Ageism: age discrimination and prejudice
Gerontology: Comprehensive study of aging and problems of older
adults; “gerontologists”
Age 50: AARP membership
Age 65: Eligibility for social security
Young-old: 65-74; may choose to work, enjoy good health
Middle-old: 75-84; no longer work, may self-identify as old, mobility
issues
Oldest-Old: 85+; may need help with personal care, serious health
conditions
Centenarians: 100+
Supercentenarians: 110+
Gerontological social work: biopsychosocial-spiritual knowledge of
aging
Geriatric social work: older adults who have health concerns
Medicare: for adults 65+; provides coverage for hospital stays, home
health, and end-of-life care
Medicaidbased on income level
Supplemental Security Income (SSI): provides funds for food, clothing,
shelter
4 D’s of Aging: Death, Dementia, Depression, Disability
Assistive technology: may help clients adjust to these changing ability
levels and live as independently as possible
Five-factor model (Big Five): describes adult personality over the life
span
o Neuroticism
o Extraversion
o Openness
o Agreeableness
o Conscientiousness
Alzheimer’s disease: most common neurocognitive disorder
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