SWK 490 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Sexual Abuse, Microsoft Powerpoint, Child Abuse

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SWK 490
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SWK 490 (Class 9/9 & 9/16) Introduction
1
PowerPoint:
History of Childhood
Philippe Ariès (early 1960’s)
o Childhood was not discovered until after the 17th Century
o High rates of child mortality
o The concept of “family” fully develops
o Children had an absolute lack of sexuality
Modern thinking? Modernity? Progress?
Is childhood an ever-shifting concept?
Western Assumptions of Childhood
Social constructionism
o A theory on the social construction of reality
o We define social conditions through our experiences and interactions with people
Cultural and generational differences
Different cultures, different definitions
o Child sexual abuse (Western vs Sambia Tribe in Papua, New Guinea)
o Child physical abuse/corporal punishment (Western vs Tonga)
Cultural Differences and Childhood
Hunter/gatherer cultures
o Lower birth rates
Agrarian cultures
o Higher birth rates
Industrialized societies
o Child labor and poverty
Compulsory education (US- Age 12 vs Cambodia age 0)
o US- 12 years
o Ecuador- 6 years
Age of consent (US vs Middle Eastern countries)
Child Labor
o In Bangladesh from 1998-2016, 27% of children between the ages of 7-14 were
economically active
“Newly” Identified Phenomena of Childhood
Attention Deficit Disorder
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Autism
Impact of trauma on children
Mississippi and Child Maltreatment
For 2015, there were 24,956 reports of child abuse, neglect, or exploitation
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SWK 490 (Class 9/9 & 9/16) Introduction
2
Of these reports, 6,245 were evidenced
Types of Abuse
# of Evidenced Reports
Sexual Abuse
877
Physical Abuse
1,293
Physical Neglect
3,704
Medical Neglect
134
Emotional Abuse
234
Exploitation
3
Olivia Y.
o The 2004 complaint involved 8 children
o Mississippi’s foster care system was failing to protect children in its custody
o May 2016—the state’s foster care system was separated from MDHS
o Some case workers received an increase in pay and smaller caseloads
o Better screening for foster parents
o October 2016a court monitor submits an analysis of the new system
o January 2018oops! Separating CPS from DHS might have been a mistake
causing a $40 million shortfall in its budget. We might see them put back together
so they can qualify for federal funds.
o 2019the work continues
ACE Study
Mechanism by Which Adverse Childhood Experiences Influences Health and Well-being
Throughout the Lifespan.
Early Death
Disease, Disability, and Social Problem
Adoption of Health-risk Behaviors
Social, Emotional, and Cognitive Impairment
Disrupted Neurodevelopment
Adverse Childhood Experience
Conception starts at the bottom and Death is at the top.
Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACEs)
Over 17,000 participants
54% male; 46% female
Mostly white (74.8%)
Mostly with some college or college degree
Mostly over the age of 50 (66.3%)
There is a male and female version
The more experiences of abuse, neglect, or family challenges experienced during the first
18 years of life, the more people were at risk for:
o Alcoholism
o Suicide attempts
o Financial stress
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