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Midterm

ANT 104 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Bruno Beger, Processual Archaeology, Moshe Dayan


Department
Anthropology, Cultural and Archaeology
Course Code
ANT 104
Professor
Shea
Study Guide
Midterm

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1. Alfred Vincent
Kidder
Did stratigraphic excavations at Pecos
Pueblo NM, found pieces of wood near
pottery and used tree rings on wood to
date origins of pottery
Established conference to typologize
pottery
2. Amphorae wine jugs
3. Antiquarianism interest in the past for aesthetic or
monetary reasons
4. Balk block of sediment between two area
excavations
5. Bantu language
6. Behavior
archaeologists
are interested
in
Technology
Subsistence
Settlement patterns
Social organizations
Trade and exchange
Ideology
7. Bruno Beger SS officer who turned against the
ahnenerbe and became a tibetan monk
8. Cardo big Roman streets for militia
9. Catchment trade extent of a good
10. Claudius origins of archaeology, into antiquarianism
11. Culture-
Historical
Archaeology
Record is incomplete, need to build
sequences of cultures for the whole world,
emphasis on typology, record is imperfect,
normative, looks for pattern
12. Deutsches
Ahnenerbe
German heritage foundation, nazis used
archaeology to justify territorial conquest
13. Dorothy
Garrod
expert on stone tools, first female professor
at Cambridge University
14. Elgin Marbles Marbles from Greece bought by British
noble and in British museum but after Greek
war of independence Greece wanted it
back but Britain said they bought it
15. Elite records records about the rulers of ancient society
16. Eric Boida Operational chain, at each step there are
different options
17. Examples of
Agenda
Archaeology
-Italian fascism
-Saddam Hussein
-Deng Xiaoping
-Vladimir Putin
-Muammar Quaddafi
18. Fig trees Predict caves
19. Forum people assemble before and after
performance (Romans)
20. Franz Boas German american anthropologist
21. Harold Dibble Cold: resharpen tools Warm: throw away
22. Herms rectangular pillars with person's head and
shoulders
23. Interpretive
Archaeology
interpretation has to be consistent with facts
24. Jean Michel
Geneste
Argued that some tool kits were made on
the spot and others were portable, different
tools in different spots of the cave
25. Kathleen
Kenyon
excavated Jericho, into scientific biblical
archaeology
26. Louis and
Mary Leakey
archaeology, paleontology, discovered
earliest stone tools and countless human
fossils and sponsored early studies of living
apes
27. Major
developments
in
archaeology
1. settlement archaeology
2. ecological archaeology
3. radiocarbon dating
4. systems theory
28. Marija
Gimbutas
Research on European neolithic goddess
religions in Catal Hoyok
29. Megalithic big stone
30. Middle-Range
Theory
Based on your past experiences, how you
know what you know
31. Moshe Dayan treasure hunter
32. Mousterian Groups of stone tool assemblages from
cave in France
33. MW
Thompson
Australian archaeologist, studied aborigines
34. Neolithic new stone age, stone tools shaped by
abrasion and fracture
35. Not
publishing?
Equivalent to looting
36. Paleolithic old stone age, stone tools shaped by
abrasion only
37. Pareidolia ability to find patterns in relatively
unpatterned data
38. Parsimony simplest explanation is usually the
explanation
39. Peer-Review
Publication
several peers look at someone's methods
40. Pequot
Museum
Use of past to understand and help the
present
41. Pompeii Eruption of Mount Vesuvius
42. Positivism Hypothesis testing
Intro to Archaeology Midterm
Study online at quizlet.com/_3vy4hx
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