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Final

ANT 104 Study Guide - Final Guide: Hand Axe, John Frere, Hard Wired


Department
Anthropology, Cultural and Archaeology
Course Code
ANT 104
Professor
Shea
Study Guide
Final

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1. 2nd most
important
document?
Catalog --> all your finds and where you
found them
2. 3 types of
tombstones
Death's head - body is meaningless, soul is
important, orthodox Puritans
Cherub - what we do in life matters, great
enlightenment, break of puritans
Urn and willow - revolutionary war
3. 20th century
tombstone
trend?
Nuclear families --> central around obelisk
4. Alternate
Squares
Method
More stratigraphic ino can be discovered
5. Archaeological
survey
Assessing variation in the kinds of residues
present at an archaeological site
6. Battle of
Towton
largest and bloodiest battle on English soil,
York wins
7. Bioarchaeology Looking at human remains to study the past
8. Bordes How stone tools are made
9. CB Moore Put something in the trench so future
archaeologists to know who excavated
there
10. Cenotaphs Single monument for large group of
people
11. Cognitive
Hypothesis
Handaxes reflect evolutionary changes in
hominin mental states
12. Conservateur Cultural representative that helps with
cultures encountered during excavations
13. Costly
Signaling
Hypothesis
Steve Mitchen and Marck Konhn
-argued that handaxes were used to signal
to females to mate with men who made
different types of handaxes
14. Cultural
Hypothesis on
Handaxes
Handaxe variation reflects hominin cultural
differences
15. Curtis Marean Applied barcodes to artifacts
16. Deetz and
Dethelfsen
Study
good Interpretive archaeology, interested
in colonial archaeology
17. Dennis
Puleston
Good example of judgemental sampling
-Ramon nut
-hard to survey Belize
-Puleston was interested in Maya
-looked at Mayan conscriptions --> used
ramon nut trees wherever they grew he
excavated and found maya villages
18. Descansos Latin american monuments,
marked where the person
died
19. Early Maya Status was inherited, lineages
on stelae
20. Eileen O'Brian Handaxes were projectile
weapons, thrown like a discus,
but McCall replicated
O'Brian's experiments and
realized they were ineffective
21. Erratics -protect datum stake
-most important point in
excavation
-put datum above excavation
-try to minimize
measurements above datum
22. Evolutionary Hypothesis on
Handaxes
Progressive trend in human
evolution, but both crude and
refined axes were found
23. Excavation Recovering behavioral
residuals from sedimentary
deposits
24. Exosomatic symbols Symbols outside the body,
not hard wired
25. Exosomatic symbols
express
-status
-ethnicity
-social roles
-gender
-emotional states
26. Field conservation -Sometimes you need to
conserve artifact before you
life it
27. Flotation/paleoethnobotany Put sediments in screen in
water, agitate so light
fractions float to surface,
scoop us these particles and
dry them out then pick out
remains and examine under
microscope
28. Functional hypothesis on
Handaxes
Handaxe shape reflect
designs for specific functions
29. Hallam Movius Jr Thought handaxe variation
was east asian hominid
cultural retardation
30. The Handaxe's Tale -Evidence suggests it was a
multipurpose tool
-found everywhere humans
lived, and similar
-discovered by John Frere in
Hoxne with extinct fossils
Intro to Archaeology Final
Study online at quizlet.com/_46hd2b
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