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Study Guide

ANT 104- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology, Cultural and Archaeology
Course Code
ANT 104
Professor
Shea
Study Guide
Final

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SBU
ANT 104
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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- Memorial as Self Expression- Taking Control of Death? - interpretive archaeology
o Cemeteries have very unique tombstones
o Individualism of our culture may be reflected in our approach to death
- Descansos- 20th century Latin American and Norteno
o Markings of car accidents
o Diffusion of culture from one part of the world to the other
- Mel Blanc- voice of bugs bunny
o His grae: that’s all folks
- Reconnaissance: use the buddy system; simple for safety
o Should have a satellite phone
o Thuraya
o Iridium
o All are types of phones; very expensive but it can be a life-saving device
o Cell phone- but not great coverage
o Walkie talkie- cheap, small, portable, but need lots of batteries
o Do not be armed
- Survey: what is there
o Always bring lots of water; you can die from dehydration
o Also bring iodine- a means by which to filter water/purify water
o Stick to pick things up
o Compass
o Know the language and culture a little
o Someone is always watching you
- Excavation: recovering artifacts and other elements from sedimentary deposits
- Analysis
- Publication
- Fieldwork
o aouts for a ti fratio of arhaeologists’ tie spet doig arhaeolog
o Much easier to each archaeology in the field than in the classroom
o Difficult; expensive, dangerous, destructive
o You must have a research plan and funding before you can start
o There is o differee etee eaatig a site ad ot pulishig it ad
lootig it.
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Statistics
- Population: Parameters
- Sample: statistics
- Probabilistic
o Random sample: each has an equal chance of being selected
o Systematic sample: fixed periodic interval of selection
- Non-probable
o Judgmental sampling: chosen based on knowledge
o L-trench shape
o Rational basis for predicting site locations
o Time and/or funding limited
o Results needed quickly
- Statistically significant
o Does not mean important
o What is the probability of getting the same result with random variation/ not
due to chance alone
.05 = most common p-value; p < .05
p < .01 is another stricter cutoff
p < .001 often in medicine because lives are at stake
p-value subjective/based on the type of research
- tabula rasa: clean slate
- only probabilistic sampling allows you to use sample statistics to accurately infer
population parameters
- Recovering Stratigraphy:
o Sagittal: from the side
o Sounding: recover general stratigraphy
o Coronal: analyze from the top
o Horizontal: find out variation in the same level
- Reconnaissance: Aerial Photography Ruins of Khirbet Khau, a Byzantine town in
Northern Jordan
- Surface Reconnaissance: Koobi For a, East Turkana, Kenya
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