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Peoples and Cultures of the World Exam 3 Notes - I 4.0ed this exam!

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT 121
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
ANT121: Exam 3 Notes 12/3/13 9:26 PM CCTC Ch. 11: American Indians and Renewable Energy Projects Raymond Orr and David Anderson Native American communities affected more by climate change, even though are not contributing to it as  much as other American communities Largely located in vulnerable geographic zones “humans are one of land’s most essential stewards”  renewable energy should be developed climate s also impacts cultural and social activity reservations could be the new hub for renewable wind energy alternative energies are expensive, hard for reservations to take advantage of resources Tension between Native Americans and policy makers because of different priorities—separates tribal  traditions from government CCTC Ch. 12: Mayan Farmers & Ancient Tech. LOCAL KNOW. & INDIGENOUS Betty Faust, Armando Anaya­Hernandez, Helga Geovannini­Acuña Starting new project utilizing old technics in Yucatan Peninsula Due to climate change unpredictable drought & floor so must figure out how to cope  Big emphasis on talking to elders, people part of Mayan traditions to understand old irrigation technics and  implement today Maize is cash crop in Mexico, recently haven’t been able to rely on corn b/c not predictable b/c climate  change so looking at other forms of agriculture. Need alternative to tractor production b/c causing more problems (oil reserves, etc.) A lot deforestation so decreases rainfall so revised irrigation system IMPORTANT  CCTC Ch. 13: Policy History in Bangladesh Past policy failures need to be acknowledged when planning for future policy measures Bangladesh Flood Action Plan 1989­93 (FAP): highly expensive and unsuccessful flood control initiative  conceived by outside agencies and resisted by local communities Plan did not consult the Bangladeshi public or lessons from past flood management methods Experts failed to understand Bangladesh’s environment and natural resource systems LESSON: do not underestimate the knowledge of local communities and simply prioritize the knowledge of  “experts” Managerialism: policy method that discourages engagement with ideas of the past and present and  emphasizes novelty and change Climate change is causing erosion, land loss, water salinity, crop damage, increase in drought, change in  season lengths Today, local­level adaptation responses are being implemented which raises awareness for the strength of  local communities in creating sustainable solutions to local
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