Exam Review

3 Pages
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Department
Nutrition Science & Dietetics
Course Code
NSD 225
Professor
Sarah Short

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Description
sol vit, weight control, minerals, water, electrolytes (Na, K, Cloride), fightochemicals,  pre/probiotics, pregnancy, and lactation Exam Review Weight Loss ­ Rate of 2lbs/week ­ Can we take anything to dissolve body fat? Fast Diet: first lose water weight then lose protein/muscle Diet Pills (West Coast many deaths) because diet pills not regulated and contained too  much K (heart arrhythmia) Functions of B Vitamins: repair, growth Vitamin C is the most unstable vitamin (water soluble) 1. Why are so many people in the U.S overweight? 2. Given question that is the name of vit, food source, and function (which one is  correct?) Phytochemicals: antioxidants, found in plants (sources are fruits, veggies, beans, and  grains), don’t need but are beneficial  Water: transport nutrients to cells, remove waste, regulate body temp (sweat), aids in  digestion Bottled Water VS Tap Water ­ bottled more expensive, tap contain fluoride ­ thirst may indicate dehydration, could be too late for athletes Prebiotics: small intestine Probiotics: intestines Major Mineral: ­ Ca, P, Mg, Na, K, Cl ­ Need the most of 3. Orange juice from store may be low in Vit C, why? Osteoporosis ­ Females get because they live longer, smaller figure  ▯smaller bones, pregnant and   breast feed, drink less milk than males ­ Goiter: swelling of neck from enlargement of the thyroid gland ­ Deficiency of iodide (make sure to get enough) Fluoride deficiency = cavities Nutrition+Pregnancy ­ Take supplements Infant Nutrition ­ Human milk can be the only source of infant nutrition up to 4­6  months ­ Human milk is best nutritional source, contains certain minerals o Infant Diet (order of introduction): rice cereal, veggies, fruit Why do we care about chromium? Table salt VS Sea salt: Table salt better, sea salt has iodide To decrease high blood pressure = lose weight/exercise Complex carbs: bread, cereal, pasta, veggies O While pregnant = calories, vit D, and folate deficiencies D Milk, fish, eggs, cod liver Maintain normal blood  oil, sun levels of Ca and P, aids in  absorption of Ca Deficiency = rickets,  osteoporosis, HBP Pantothenic Acid Cheese, Meat, Liver,  Beans Folate Dark green veggies, fruit,  Strong bones, healthy bone  legumes, organ meat,  build cereals Mg ? needed for bones and  muscles, activates  enzymes (100s),  transmission of nerve  impulses Chromium cofactor for insulin,  maintain normal glucose 
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