GEOG 301 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Hudson Valley, Merrimack River, Laurentide Ice Sheet

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TAMU
GEOG 301
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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U.S. Geography Lecture 1
Regional Geography
1. Thinking like a geographer
Organization of location and relations
Dryasdust geography
o A mass of boring isolated facts
o No animating principle (no meaning)
Animating principle makes facts worth knowing
Provides a strategy of thinking
The skilled eye of a geographer
o Suggests geography is a way of seeing the world and its significance
Soils, landscapes, artifacts, etc. (making sense of it)
Romance of geography
o Rich history and understanding them
o Crowded with wonders, opportunities, and memories
Haunted, holy grounds
o Where things have happened and how it affects the present
2. Shape of the land
Earth’s surfae is ot uifor ultifor
o Distributional differences
Represent distinctive fields of geography
o Areal differetiatio of Earth’s surfae
Different ways humans have inhabited and adapted to the differences
Extremely varied face of U.S.
3. Landscape (shared land)
Portio of Earth’s surfae that has ee shaped
o Industrial: shaped by human hands
The question of why the landscape has changed
Cultural landscape
o Human landscape
Satisfies wants and physical setting to carry out wants and needs
o An objective expression
Learning to see
o Deeper meaning
o orphologi eye
Notices shape, changes of shape, and wonders the cause of both
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4. Spatial system or compage
Overhead view
o Map, etc.
Organized whole made of parts (compage)
o Parts are associated/interdependent as opposed to only assorted
How things work together in context and coherence (geography)
Compage
o Functionally integrated set of geographical features
Elements of a spatial system
o Regions
o Routes
Lines of movement that tie the region together
o Places
o And sometimes boundaries
5. Shaping of the landscape
Present is conditioned by the past (deep histories)
Prominent past history and promise for future development
Where and why have to stem from origins
Geography and history have to go together
What resists change?
o Geographic inertia
Hard to move settlements, towns, roads, etc.
To think like a geographer:
1) Where is it?
2) What is the landscape?
3) What does it look like? How does it all fit together?
4) How is the landscape developed?
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