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GEOG 301 Midterm: Geography Review - Exam 2

Course Code
GEOG 301
Smith Jonathan
Study Guide

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Geography – Exam Review 2
1) The tobacco lands of the coastal south are in the Georgia piedmont. True or False?
a. False
2) Charleston, South Carolina is on the Fall Line. True or False?
a. False
3) In regions that produced tobacco as a staple crop, numerous towns sprang up at an
early date. True or False?
a. False
4) Which old cotton milling town is today a major banking center at the heart of
a. Charlotte, North Carolina
5) The city of Memphis fell into economic decline after the Civil War. True or False?
a. False
6) The “Black Belt” is located in Alabama, between the Piedmont and the Pine Hills. True or
a. True
7) The Lower Mississippi Valley is a vast floodplain bordered by steep bluffs. True or False?
a. True
8) What is the nickname of Atlanta, Georgia?
a. The Gate City
9) Omaha has been called the “Gateway to the West” because of its location near the
mouth of the Platte River. True or False?
a. True
10) In the late 19th century, Kansas City emerged as the most successful of the cities at the
“Great Bend of the Missouri”. True or False?
a. True
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11) The northern wheat district of the Grain Belt is centered in western Kansas. True or
a. False
12) Which of the following cities justly deserved the nickname “The City of Sawdust and
a. Minneapolis, Minnesota
Coastal South
ocolonists from here settled the Sea Islands in 1670 and Caribbean culture and
society transplanted to North America
Carolina Piedmont Mfg. Belt
oBy the end of the 19th century, cotton moved inland from the sea islands onto
Georgia and South Carolina piedmont, where it began to from the cotton belt
with the principle city being Charlotte. When textile mills began to close in 1970,
this area diversified into high-tech and banking
Charleston, S.C
omore like the West Indies than America; had an advantage of creeks
Charlotte, N.C
ooriginally a cotton mill town, this was the principal city of the Carolina piedmont
and was also eventually the banking center of the Southeast
Cigarette Triangle
oin the tobacco land of Virginia and North Carolina: Richmond, VA, Raleigh-
Durham, NC, and Winston-Salem, NC
James River
Low Country Piedmont
Raleigh-Durham, N.C.
ofall line city located in the tobacco triangle
Richmond, Virginia
oconfederate capital; fall line city located in the tobacco triangle
Roanoke River
Savannah, Ga.
o2nd entrepot
Sea Islands
opart of the cotton belt; most of the inhabitants were slaves used to pick cotton
Virginia Tidewater
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Winston-Salem, N.C.
o3rd city in cigarette triangle
Upland South
Apalachicola River
Cumberland Gap
Cumberland Plateau
ocontinuation of Allegheny plateau
Kentucky Bluegrass
othe first permanent settlements west of the Appalachians
Louisville, Kentucky
osecond to Lexington, juncture of Kentucky river and Ohio river
"The falls of Ohio"
osmall sets of falls on the Ohio river
Commercial center for Kentucky
oThe connection of the bluegrass basin to the rest of the USA. Connected to the
Potomac River transportation.
Nashville Basin
oMore cotton based than tobacco/horse based
Cumberland Mountains cut Tennessee into eastern and western Tennessee
Nashville Basin on Cumberland and Tennessee rivers
Large cotton plantations
Nashville, Tennessee
osimilar to Louisville in utility -- commercial center for Nashville basin
Point of entry for all of Tennessee from Potomac river system
Lexington, Kentucky
oHeart of fine district. Virginians settled here. The wealthiest settlement. Good
fertile fields to grow tobacco. Bred horses on good land i.e. Kentucky Derby.
Center of Western Appalachian settlement.
Ozark Mountains
oExtension of Appalachians on the other side of the Mississippi Basin
Very similar in culture/peoples to the Mountaineers
"Western Appalachia"
Upper Tennessee R. Mfg Belt
Gulf Coast South
Alabama River
Atlanta, Georgia
o“The Gate City”. Gateway of trade to the South.
Birmingham, Alabama
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