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Geography Exam 2 Notes.docx

Course Code
GEOG 301
Study Guide

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Geography Exam 2 Notes
Chapter Eleven: The Florida Peninsula
A. Florida
a. The Sunshine State
b. Tallahassee (capital- 180,000)
c. Jacksonville (Largest city-822,000)
d. 18.8 population
e. 27th state in 1845
f. FL
g. Beaches, fish, sea horses, Cape Canaveral, oranges, gators, waterskiing, golf, car racing
B. Intro
a. Very flat, limestone surface with lots of rain
i. 50-60 in.
b. Artesian springs in central lakes region
C. Florida Settlement
a. Spanish at st. Augustine in 16th century
b. US purchased Florida form Spain
c. North Florida
i. Plantation agriculture
ii. Small-scale, backwoods farmers
iii. Migrated west
d. Peninsular Florida
i. Sawmp
ii. Attracted sun-seeking northerners with $
iii. Built RRs, hotels, winter resorts
D. The Everglades
a. Seminoles, 1st occupants
i. Resisted OK territory
ii. Retreated to everglades
b. Around Lake Okeechobee
i. 1800’s drained swamp
ii. Sugar cane plantations
iii. Winter vegetables
c. Unintended Consequences
i. Fertile swamp soil needs more moisture
ii. Serious hurricane hazard
iii. Everglades are an open marsh, not a forested swamp
iv. Conversion to cropland required construction of drainage ditches
E. Urban Growth on the East Coast
a. Palm Beach to Miami

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i. Winter tourist industry
ii. Warm climate, sandy beaches
iii. Efforts of one man- Henry M. Flagler
1. Built RRs from Jacksonville to Miami
iv. Elegant Hotels
v. Great Florida boom in early 1920s
b. SW to Key West
i. Florida keys
ii. PR, then overseas highway
iii. Steamship to Havana, Cuba (until Castro in 1958)
F. Hotel’s Demise (Royal Poinciana at Palm Beach)
a. 1925 fire claimed nearby hotels
b. Rebuilt Breakers Hotel
i. Fireresistant construction
ii. Bathroom with each guest room
c. 1929 stock market crash and great depression
G. Florida Keys
a. In 1933 and RR
b. Destroyed by hurricane in 1935
H. Key West
a. The end of the line
b. Historic link to Havana, Cuba
I. Florida’s West Coast
a. Slightly cooler with less sand
b. Winter tourist industry
i. RR from Jacksonville tampa in 1880s
ii. Phosphate limestone industry produces fertilizer
iii. Tampa’s port developed during Spanish American War of 1898
iv. Coastal mangrove swamps discouraged development
J. Mangrove
a. Semiaquatic tree
b. Seeds germinate while still attached to tree
c. Forms a dense tangle of roots
d. Deterrent to coastline erosion
e. Habitat for wildlife
K. Sanibel Island
a. Seashell collecting
L. Citrus Ridges
a. On beach ridges and inland sand hills
b. Frozen concentrates in 1940s= fruit juice for americans
i. Climate like FL’s and rapid transportation to markets (RRs)
ii. Orchards being squeezed southward

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M. Florida Demographics
a. Pop. Has doubled every 20 years since 1845
i. Retirement haven
ii. Growth based on net migration
1. NE Midwest US
2. Caribbean
iii. <10% from natural increase (smallest of all states)
iv. 4th largest behind CA, TX, and NY
N. Housing Boom and Bust
a. More manufactured homes than other densely settled parts of the US
b. Planned condo communities
c. Aerospace industry around Cape Canaveral
d. Disneyworld near Orlando
O. North Florida
a. St. Augustine
i. Founded by Spanish in 1565
ii. Oldest city in US
iii. Inferior harbor, didn’t prosper
b. Jacksonville
i. Excellent harbor at mouth of St. John’s river
ii. Important port
iii. Industrial-manufacturing center
1. Coastal plain industries like naval stores, shipbuilding, paper, chemical
P. Spring Training
a. Professional Spring Training
i. Baseball
ii. Because of climate
Q. Videos/Readings
a. “Newport of the South”
ii. Hotel Royal Poinciana at Palm Beach
b. Spring Training
c. Read Chapter 11
d. Rec. Read 5 “Wilder and Crazier” by Jenkins
i. About drug cartels
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