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Study Guide Exam 1.docx

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Texas A&M University
HIST 226

Professor Ramos Texas History STUDY GUIDE – EXAM #1 Exam #1 will cover lectures, Texas: Crossroads of North America readings, and Many Faces of Texas readings from weeks 1-3. Below is a list of questions to help guide your studying. The format of the exam will consist of 60 multiple choice and true/false questions or statements. Some will focus on comparing/contrasting two groups or people; defining an event, person, or term; explaining the significance/legacy of a person or event; explaining causes; or explaining the success or failures of certain people or events. You will have the entire class period (75 minutes) to complete the exam. The exam takes place on TUESDAY, 9/24/2012, 3:55-5:10PM. PLEASE BRING A NO. 2 PENCILAND SCANTRON FORM 882-E (GREEN COLOR) TO THE EXAM. MULTIPLE CHOICE EXAMPLES I will NOT ask you: When did the survivors of the Narvaez expedition land in what’s now Texas? Or What was the name of the second-in-command of the Narvaez expedition? Instead, I tend to ask questions that require careful reading and critical thinking, such as: What motivated Spanish conquistadors to travel to the Americas? a. They were farmers who lost most of their crops and land during the Reconquista b. They were nobles who held a noble title but no land or other wealth (Correct) c. They were nobles who hoped to expand their family's extensive landholdings abroad d. They were rebels who had tried to overthrow the Spanish empire but failed or LaSalle’s French colony near Matagorda Bay failed in part because: a. it was exposed to a violent hurricane in 1686 b. he was an ineffective, cruel leader (Correct) c. it was attacked by Spaniards living in what’s now East Texas d. the French settlers contracted malaria resulting in many deaths TRUE/FALSE EXAMPLES The Isleños were castas who came from the Canary Islands. Answer: FALSE While the Isleños did come from the Canary Islands, they were NOT considered castas (mixed-race people). When they arrived in Bexar (San Antonio) in the 1730s, the Isleños were given more privileges than the original settlers who arrived in 1718. Answer: TRUE The Isleños were given the title of lower nobility, land, and were the only ones allowed on the town council. QUESTIONS 1. Define the term Paleoindian. 2. Explain the difference between the terms "prerecorded" v "prehistory." 3. What area of Tx did Paleoindians initially live in, and why? 4. What are the main types of Paleoindian artifacts (fossils, weapons, etc.) that archaeologists study? 5. Why did Paleoindians come to what’s now Texas thousands of years ago? a. They were following the food sources (mammals) 1 Professor Ramos Texas History STUDY GUIDE – EXAM #1 6. Define the atlatl, and why it was an effective weapon. 7. What was the "cliff jump" technique used by Paleoindians? 8. What major factors distinguished the Paleoindian andArchaic Indians from each other? 9. What makes the pictographs (drawings) of theArchaic Indians so important? 10. Define territoriality. 11. What kinds of shelters didArchaic Indians use, and how were they different from Paleoindian shelters? 12. Why do archaeologists think women’s roles became more important during Archaic Indian times? 13. How extensive was trade during theArchaic and Late Prehistoric Periods? a. Well connected, very complex trade routes 14. What kinds of items were traded in the above periods? a. Obsidian (volcanic glass), Pueblos  turquoise, Caddos  bow and arrow 15. What major factors distinguished theArchaic and Late Prehistoric Indians from each other? a. Use of bow & arrow, agriculture become more important 16. Compare the bow and arrow technology with the atlatl. a. Bow & arrow it is lighter and can use standing, lying down, etc. 17. Why are the Caddos considered the most sophisticated Texas Indians? a. 18. Describe the Karankawan culture. 19. Explain how the Jumanos connected various Texas and other Indian groups. 20. Why have Spaniards been described as uniquely qualified to colonize the New World? 21. Define Reconquista. 22. Define encomienda. 23. What role did Catholicism play in the conquest of theAmericas? 24. Define Requerimiento. 25. Why is de Pineda's expedition to Texas in 1519 important? 26. What was the purpose of the mission? a. Try to convert Indians to Catholicism b. Indians to learn about Spanish culture 27. What was the purpose of the presidio? a. To protect the colonist by giving them a place to hide under Indian attack b. Captured Indians are led here c. Negotiations take place b/w Spanish and Indians 28. Define impoverished nobility. 29. Explain Cabeza de Vaca’s significance to Spaniards’understandings of Texas. a. First person to live with the Indians so he was able to learn from them and also map out the environment 30. Why is Bartolome de Las Cases significant to Texas history? Ch. 2 Pg.32-34 a. Areligious figure 2 Professor Ramos Texas History STUDY GUIDE – EXAM #1 31. Why did the Spaniards explore what’s now New Mexico and west Texas between 1581-1684? 32. Who was Oñate, and what legacy did he leave behind? 33. Why did the French start exploring the area near what is now east Texas
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