[ANT 311] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (11 pages long!)

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7 Feb 2017
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TCNJ
ANT 311
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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International Vocab
The State
The state is the institutions that possess the authority to make the rules
that govern people in one or more societies within a definite, sovereign
territory
America, not NJ
“The state of Russia,” “the state of China” etc
International state system
Recognized by international community
Clear sovereign territory
Began in 1945
States have:
Borders
State controls the land between borders
Government
Representatives
Ambassadors
Governing laws/police
Bad examples
Libya: failed state
3 weapons for every 1 person
State of lawlessness - no governing laws
No police, so no protection of laws
ISIS: Islamic State of Iraq and Syria
NOT a state
No clear boundaries
No representatives (ambassadors)
The Nation
A nation is a group of people who share common history, language,
ethnicity, or culture and possess or want their? its? own governance
Not always location based
Jewish people - spread across the world
Japanese people - national identity that happens to line up
very well
Can be constructed
American nationality has been created
Judeo Christian values or religious freedom?
Building a nation
Benedict Anderson
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A nation has to have a sense of unity thru printed (and now
social) media
Even though we don’t all know each other, we consume the
same knowledge at the same time
Shared consciousness
OBS (One Big Soul)
Printing press
Governmental Types
Monarchy: ruled by a king/queen who gains power thru descent/lineage
Democracy: government in which individuals have a say thru voting
Republic: government in which representatives are chosen to make
decisions on behalf of the people. Led by a president or PM
Authoritarian: obedience to the admin center is required
Totalitarianism: extreme
North Korea
Citizens believe what their country wants them to believe
Fascism
Authoritarian patriotism
State requiring loyalty to whatever the government says b/c it’s your
patriotic duty
Connects to xenophobia
Power and Authority
Power is the ability to control or influence others
Authority is the public acceptance of someone’s legitimate claim to power
Cult of Personality
The heroic, amazing image of a leader created thru mass media and
propaganda
The International System
The Great Powers
Historically 5 great powers
1. France
2. Britain
3. Russia
4. Austria (later Austro-Hungarian)
5. Prussia (later Germany)
After WWI, 3 “emerging powers” added
1. Italy
2. US
3. Japan
WWI
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