[PSY 217] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (39 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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TCNJ
PSY 217
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Chapter 1-
Abnormal psychology- describe, predict, explain and change abnormal behavior
4 D’s-
1. Deviance violates norms/socially unacceptable
2. Danger - to oneself or to others
3. Distress - usually has to cause this to be diagnosed
4. Dysfunctional- interferes with everyday life
Jerome Frank- therapy’s 3 features
1. Sufferer
2. Healer
3. Series of contacts (to continue recovery)
Renaissance
1400-1700
1800’s
1850’s
Early 20th
Current
Decline in
demonological
views
Treatment improved
Decline in moral
treatment
Somatogenic
perspective-
New biological
discoveries
Psychotropic medications
Deinstitutionalization
Private psychotherapy
Prevention
Weyer- founder of
modern
psychopathology
Asylums
(practically
prisons)
Pinel- suggested people
treated with sympathy
· Tuke Followed
Moral treatment-Ben
Rush (state hospital in
USA)
1.More mental
hospitals
2. Money/staff
shortages
3. Recovery rates
dropped
4. Prejudice
against mental
disorders
Psychogenic
perspective-
Causes are
psychological
Mesmerism-
hypnosis to heal
patient
Positive Psychology
Multicultural psychology
Hippocrates-
Humors- bodily chemicals that influence mental/psychical functioning
o Imbalance causes psychological problems, illness = natural causes
Methods of Research-
1.Correlational- degree that events vary w/ each other
a. Epidemiological
i. Measures the incidence (# of cases at a given time) and prevalence(total # of cases) of a disorder in a
population
b. Longitudinal
i. Observes same person over a period of time
2. Experimental- variable is manipulated (independent) and the effect is observed (dependent)
a. Rosenthal effect- tendency to smile when giving to experimental group and frown when giving to placebo
3. Alternative Experimental Designs
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a. Quasi-experiment
i. Use of control and experimental groups that already exists (independent variable)
b. Natural experiment
i. Nature manipulates intendent variable, observed not changed
c. Analogous experiment
i. Researcher induces abnormal behavior in lab
d. Single-subject experiment
i. Single participant is measured before and after manipulation of in. var.
Important people:
Kraepelin- syndromes
Pinel- asylum reform, moral treatment
Mesmer- interplanetary animal magnetism
Charot- hypnosis to produce hysteric symptoms
Breuer- talking cure
Chapter 2
Biological
Psychodynamic
Behavioral
Cognitive
Malfunctioning parts of an
organism
Learned
Underlying psychological
forces that are not consciously
aware
Responses an organism
makes to its environment
Make assumptions and adopt
attitudes that are inaccurate
Due to
Viral infections
Genetics
Evolution
(schi. anx. mood)
Freud- 3 forces
Id(drives)
Ego(reasoning)
Superego(conscience)
Infant sexulaity
Conditioning:
Operant
Classical
Modeling
Albert Ellis/ Aaron Beck
Illogical thinking process
over generalization
Treatment
Drug therapy
Electroconvulsive
Psychosurgery
Treatment
Free association
Therapist
Catharsis
Working through
Treatment
Systemic
sensitization
Treatment
Cognitive therapies to
recognize/ change
faulting thinking
Sociocultural ---
Family social
Sociocultural -
Multicultural
Concentrate on forces that operate
directly on person
Each culture has a particular set of
values/beliefs
3 factors
1.social labels/roles
2. social network
3.family structure/ communication
Seek to understand how people in
dif. Cultures differ psychologically
Treatment for Family Social
Group Therapy
Family/couple Therapy
Treatment for Multicultural
Culture sensitive therapies (address
unique issues faced by minority
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