HIST 10613 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Order Of Australia, United States Congress, Soviet Union

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Published on 20 Nov 2018
School
TCU
Department
History
Course
HIST 10613
HIST 10613
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1/19 Reconstruction
Friday, January 19, 2018
11:01 AM
Reconstruction - the era following the civil war
- political reconstruction
Andrew Johnson- a southerer, loyal to the uio ad did’t support the suessio
Lincoln picks Johnson, a democrat, as his running mate
Felt that there needed to be punishment for the rebels, Lincoln didn't
Johso ould’t are less aout the good of the Afria Aerias, puttig hi at
odds with the republican congress (vetoed a lot)
Republican congress passed a law in order to set a trap for Johnson depicting that
Johso ould’t fire people fro Liols aiet ithout ogresses approal
Johnson impeached (1868) - the constitutional mechanism for trying an official for high
crimes and misdemeanors, was acquitted and served the rest of his term
Ulysses S. Grant- elected following Johnson, uncovered scandals trying to stop them but ended up making
him look bad
Fought the Klu Klux Klan
Congress passed a bill called the Klu Klux Act to give Grant ability to fight the Klan with government
forces forcing them underground
Reconstruction Amendments:
13th amendment- abolishes slavery in the US
-Lincoln lived to see it passed but not ratified by the states
14th amendment- all persons born in the US are subject to the jurisdiction of citizens,
-states shall not deny due process or equal protection
15th amendment- the right of the citizens of the US to vote shall not be denied the US or by any
state on account of race, color
Election of 1876 & the end of Reconstruction
Nominees
o Rutherford B Hayes ( R) - won electoral vote but not popular vote
o Samuel J. Tiden (D)
Disputed votes in Florida, Louissiana
Results in the end of the Reconsruction because Democrats wanted them to pull the last of federal
troops out of the South
Reconstruction= post war occupation phase
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1/22 Jim Crow Era
Monday, January 22, 2018
11:02 AM
Jim Crow was not a real person, he was a main character of minstrel shows
Minstrel Shows:
Performed in "black face"
Racial topics & comedy
Refers to social etiquette that was the "right" way to perform in society
Jim Crow Laws- laws of segregation
Tennessee's "Army and Navy" law (1879)- only permitted certain guns for use of African Americans,
these models were hard to acquire and hard to conceal
Jim Crow Social Etiquette:
Black male could not offer to shake white males hand
Blacks and whites were not supposed to eat together
Black male cannot light a white woman's cigarette
Any African American could be referred to as "boy"
Race Riots:
White people instigated the violence
Something that upset the status quo
Tend to happen during summer months
Often sparked by rumorsP
Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896):
Plessy is 1/8 black
He boards the train and they hire a detective to arrest him to "set himself up" so he could take it
to court
The railroads position was asking why they have to carry extra cars (because of the necessary
white/black cars)
o Hurt the railroads efficiency
In a supreme court decision, the majority rules
Court rules "separate but equal" is constitutional
Justice Henry B. Brown believes that legislation can never fix racial issues
Justice John M. Harlan- looks at the facts of the case and constitution and claims that the
constitution is "colorblind" and that all citizens are equal before the law
Overcoming Jim Crow
Booker T. Washington
Born a slave
Established Tuskegee Institute
"Cast down your bucket where you are" - work with what you have now
Believes no law will change society but the people in it must prove their worth and change society
themselves
Self Improvement: 1) Economic stability 2) Family Stability 3) being good law abiding citizens
"No race that has anything to contribute is ostracized"
W.E.B Du Bois
Born free, after the Civil War
Harvard- educated PhD
Helped found NAACP
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