[PSYCH 10213] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (102 pages long!)

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Published on 29 Mar 2017
School
TCU
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 10213
Professor
Texas Christian University
PSYCH 10213
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture #1
How can we study the brain and behavior?
Social-Cultural: How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
Behavioral: How we learn observable responses
Cognitive: How the information we encode, process, store, and retrieve influence
behavior
Biopsychology: How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory
experiences
Behavior genetics: How much of our genes and our environment influence our
individual differences
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What is psychology?
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Behavior anything we do that can be observed and recorded
Mental Processes internal, subjective experiences, such as thoughts and feelings
Roots in philosophy
Aristotle
Plato
Theoretical Frameworks:
Structuralism
Functionalism
Behaviorism
Psychoanalysis
Cognitivism
Structuralism:
Began with Wilhelm Wundt
Aimed to identify the basic structures of psychological experience
Used introspection as a tool to uncover these structures
Titchener claimed 44,000 sensations
Problems?
Reliability
Authority
Imageless thought
Functionalism:
Aimed to identify the function or adaptive significance of psychological characteristics
Stream of consciousness
Darwin natural selection
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Document Summary

Social-cultural: how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures. Cognitive: how the information we encode, process, store, and retrieve influence behavior. Biopsychology: how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences. Behavior genetics: how much of our genes and our environment influence our individual differences. The scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Behavior anything we do that can be observed and recorded. Mental processes internal, subjective experiences, such as thoughts and feelings. Aimed to identify the basic structures of psychological experience. Used introspection as a tool to uncover these structures. Aimed to identify the function or adaptive significance of psychological characteristics. Used questions of why rather than what. It is (cid:271)eautiful, (cid:271)ut it is (cid:374)ot ps(cid:455)(cid:272)holog(cid:455),(cid:863) -wilhelm wundt. (cid:862)ple(cid:374)t(cid:455) of s(cid:272)hool, (cid:271)ut (cid:374)o thought(cid:863) (cid:894)ja(cid:373)es, (cid:1005)9(cid:1004)4(cid:895) Focuses on uncovering the general laws of learning by looking at observable behavior. Stressed a strict scientific approach to psychology must be objective.