US History Midterm Study Guide
Be able to identify and explain the significance of the following:
slave labor versus free labor-Slave labor is obviously done for and by slaves in the eighteenth
century to do work in order to make a living. As for free labor, is done by a freeman, it can be
considered as free blacks to do work or labor, but they have to be free
Homestead Act-The Homestead Acts were several United States federal laws that gave an
applicant ownership of land, typically called a "homestead", at little or no cost. In the United
States, this originally consisted of grants totaling 160 acres (65 hectares, or one-quarter section)
of unappropriated federal land within the boundaries of the public land states.
transcontinental railroad- "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a 1,907-
mile (3,069 km) contiguous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 across the western
United States to connect the Pacific coast at San Francisco Bay with the existing Eastern U.S. rail
network at Council Bluffs, Iowa, on the Missouri River.
Reconstruction- the first covers the complete history of the entire country from 1865 to 1877
following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United
States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of state and society.
14 Amendment- to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the
Reconstruction Amendments. The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection
of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the
American Civil War.
Incorporation- he forming of a new corporation (a corporation being a legal entity that is
effectively recognized as a person under the law). The corporation may be a business, a non-
profit organization, sports club, or a government of a new city or town
“domestic dependent nation”- refers to the status of Indian tribes in U.S. federal law,
recognizing a government-to-government relationship with the United States and based on an
inherent, though limited, sovereignty.
Wounded Knee- occurred on December 29, 1890, near Wounded Knee Creek on the Lakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the U.S. state of South Dakota.
Jim Crow laws- racial segregation laws enacted between 1876 and 1965 in the United States at
the state and local level. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in
Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for
IWW- commonly known as the Wobblies, is an international revolutionary industrial labor
organization that was formed in 1905. Promotes the concept of "One Big Union", contends that
all workers should be united as a social class and that capitalism and wage labor should be
Knights of Labor- the largest and one of the most important American labor organizations of the
1880s. Its most important leader was Terence V. Powderly. The Knights promoted the social and
cultural uplift of the workingman, rejected Socialism and radicalism, demanded the eight-hour
day, and promoted the producers ethic of republicanism.
push and pull factors in immigration to US
American – Philippines War- an armed conflict between the United States and Filipino
revolutionaries.The conflict arose from the struggle of the First Philippine Republic to secure
independence from the United States following the latter's acquisition of the Philippines from
Spain after the Spanish–American War. The war was a continuation of the Philippine
struggle for independence that began in 1896 with the Philippine Revolution.
Jane Addams and settlement houses- a pioneer settlement social worker, public philosopher,
sociologist, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace. trust-busting- government activities seeking to dissolve corporate trusts and monopolies
Treaty of Versailles- one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of
war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years
after the assassination