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Criminal Justice
CRMJ 201
Gianluca Di Fazio

Death Penalty▯ Short Answer and Extra Credit possibilities:▯ ▯ 1.atgrand juries decision to indict for 1st degree murder among all criminal homicide indictments▯ 2. prosecutors decision to go to trial on a 1st degree murder charge given 1st degree murder indictment ▯ 3. trial jury or judges decision to convict on 1st degree murder charges and impose death ▯ sentence▯ What was the death penalty characterized as in Furman V Georgia 1972▯ 1. capricious ▯ 2. freakishly rare▯ 3. discriminatory ▯ ▯. used in a arbitrary manner ▯ Current debate about death penalty: Economics of it how its too expensive and much cheaper to have people locked up without parole.▯ ▯ substantially more likely than others to receive a death sentence. ▯and the killers of whites are ▯ Capital Statues established to avoid discrimination: Mandatory death sentence and guided discretion. Mandatory was designed to eliminate discretion all together. Guided designed to limit or control the exercise of discretion by means of explicit stands to be followed in the sentencing ▯rocess.▯ Death penalty has two trials: guilt or innocence and death penalty or not▯ ▯ Cost of death penalty: Cost almost 3x more than a case where the death sentence is not sought ▯ Why it cost more: more lawyers, more prosecutors, more investigation ▯ ▯ In 1972 Vurman v Georgia says that the application of the death penalty was cruel and unusual violates 8th amendment ▯ ▯ juries of death penalty so Death Penalty comes back ▯crimination or discretion from judge and ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Mass Incarceration▯ ▯ossible short answer and extra credit questions▯ Why is the social inequality produced by mass incarceration sizable and enduring?▯ 1. It is invisible because institutionalized populations commonly lie outside of our poverty or unemployment. Therefore the full extent of the disadvantage of groups with high incarceration rates is underestimated. they are kept away from social 2. It is cumulative because mass incarceration deepens disadvantages and forecloses mobility for the most marginal in society.▯ 3. but effects their families too.▯it doesn't only effect those who went to prison or jail ▯ ▯auses of Mass Incarceration: War on drugs▯ Consequences of Mass Incarceration: it makes the social problem it is trying to control worse. Childrens life is already messed up. Breakdown of inner city communities▯ Policies: A broad based social movement like the civil rights movement explaining the suffering of african american in the drug war. A social policy that improves opportunity ▯nd employment for you men ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Drug Scares▯ 1. A kernel of truth▯s:▯ 2. Media Magnification▯ 4. Professional interest groups▯▯ 6. Linking a form of drug use to a dangerous class▯ 7. Scapegoating a drug for a wide array of public problems▯ How does it apply to war on crack cocaine: state department officials and other crusaders spread unsubstantiated suspicions and repeated in the press that cocaine ▯nduced african american men to rape white women.▯ Professional interest groups on relation to drug scares: They are groups like AMA only one that can give absolution... Can be doctors and psychologists even police ▯he ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Guns and Violent Crime▯ What is the relationship between guns and violence crime? There are two views: ▯ Objective Dangerous Hypothesis:▯ - Gun availability increases gun violence▯ - Guns may encourage crimes against those who appear otherwise too invulnerable to challenge▯ - Weapons empower criminal to coerce a victim into compliance▯ - Guns may facilitate the element of surprise (greater distance from victim▯ ▯ Self-Defense hypothesis:▯ - Gun ownership is a deterrent to crime▯ - Citizens using guns in self-defense may outnumber those who use them for criminal purposes ▯ - People defending themselves with a gun
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