FMST 101 Exam 1 Review Ch.1-4.pdf

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Family and Human Services
FMST 101
Andrew Quach

FMST 101 Spring 2014 First Exam Study Guide ▯ Chapter 1 ▯ All Five Family Functions o ▪ Regulation of sexual activity ▪ Procreation and socialization ▪ Economic security ▪ Emotional support ▪ Social class placement ▯ o What is Marriage? Marriage is a socially approved mating relationship and an expectation of stability, long term. ▯ ▪ Ceremonial Marriage: Couples follow procedures specified by the state or other jurisdiction. Marriage akin to a legal contract ▪ Common Law Marriage: people establish a relationship and consider themselves husband and wife but never had a ceremony ▯ o Where Do Families Live? ▪ Patrilocal residential pattern, the newly married couple lives with the husbands family ▪ Matrilocal residential pattern, the newly married couple lives with the wives family ▪ Neolocal residential pattern, the couples sets up its own household o WhyAre Families Changing? - ▪ MDecisions made by family members can affect everyone in the family unit ▪ Macro-Level Influences - Economic Forces -Manufacturers moved their factories overseas to save money -Unemployment rates went up, especially for low-skilled jobs - Technological Innovation -We live longer. Medical Technology allows us to live full lives, however, poverty becomes an issues for many elderly -Social media have helped and hurt our familial connections with each other and outside resources - Mass media has very large influence -Social Movement -Civil Rights -GLBT -Marriage Chapter 2 ▯ • Textbook ▯ o The Ethics and Politics of Family Research ▪ Ethic Codes and Scientific Misconduct Theoretical Perspectives on Families (Focus only on the “Critical Evaluation” section for the o following theories) ▪ The Ecological Perspective: Agroup that adapts and reorganizes in response to changing environments ▪ The Family Systems Perspective: unit whose daily functioning and survival depend on the interactions of its members with each other and the larger society ▯ • Lecture ▯ o Family Theories ▪ Ecological Theory - Examines how a family influences and is influenced by its environment - The environment is a s series of “systems” that surround individuals and their families -These systems have a bi-directional influence on the individual and the family -These systems can help or hinder a child’s/ individual development and a family’s functioning -Microsystem -Avariety of structure that have a direct and consistent influence ion a persons life through regular interactions -Mesosystem -The relationship between two or more of these structures -This relationship can exert a larger influence on a person than the microsystem -Exosystem - Settings or events that the child does not experience directly but can still affect their development - Macrosystem - Societal/ Cultural norms, beliefs, and expectations that encompasses the other systems ▪ Symbolic Interaction - Looks at how the definitions and meaning that we giver our symbols, events and environmental settings affect our attitudes and behaviors -Asymbol can be words, gestures, behaviors, or pictures - If a symbol, event, or setting has personal value or relevance, there is a greater chance we will react and interact with it - Definitions and meanings changes as we get older -According to symbolic interaction perspective, each family member has multiple important roles in the family - Roles require different behavior within and outside the family - People modify and adjust their roles as they interact with other role players Social Exchange ▪ - Fundamentals principle is that people seek, through their interactions with others, to maximize their rewards and to minimize their cost - When a relationship bears more cost than benefits for a person, the personal is more likely to end the relationship - Individuals exchange many different kinds of tangible and intangible resources - Some of our cost-reward decisions are conscious and some are not - With relationships we rely on experience to help make future predictions of our cost-benefit ratio - With long-term relationships (i.e., marriage), we try to “make the best deal” as far as what our significant other can provide ▪ Family Systems - Family systems theory views the family as a functioning unit that solves problems, makes decisions, and achieves collective goals - Emphasis on: - Family interaction within their system - Family communication patterns - Evolution of family patterns evolve - Effect of individual personalities on family members - How implicit and explicit rules hold families together ▯ o Research Methods Surveys ▪ ▪ Clinical Research ▪ SecondaryAnalysis ▪ Field Research ▪ Experiment ▪ Evaluation research ▯ ▯ Chapter 3 ▯ • Textbook ▯ o EarlyAmerican Families From Non-European Cultures (Focus only on the “Family Structure” section for the following ethnic groups) ▪ MexicanAmericans ▯ • Lecture ▯ o Effects of Historical Events & Social/Cultural Eras on Families o Effects of The Great Depression • Men left their families to search for work - Oftentimes this invalid traveling hundreds of miles and not seeing their families
More Less

Related notes for FMST 101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.