FMST 101 Exam 1 Review Ch.1-4.pdf
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Department
Family and Human Services
Course
FMST 101
Professor
Andrew Quach
Semester
Spring

Description
FMST 101 Spring 2014 First Exam Study Guide ▯ Chapter 1 ▯ All Five Family Functions o ▪ Regulation of sexual activity ▪ Procreation and socialization ▪ Economic security ▪ Emotional support ▪ Social class placement ▯ o What is Marriage? Marriage is a socially approved mating relationship and an expectation of stability, long term. ▯ ▪ Ceremonial Marriage: Couples follow procedures specified by the state or other jurisdiction. Marriage akin to a legal contract ▪ Common Law Marriage: people establish a relationship and consider themselves husband and wife but never had a ceremony ▯ o Where Do Families Live? ▪ Patrilocal residential pattern, the newly married couple lives with the husbands family ▪ Matrilocal residential pattern, the newly married couple lives with the wives family ▪ Neolocal residential pattern, the couples sets up its own household o WhyAre Families Changing? - ▪ MDecisions made by family members can affect everyone in the family unit ▪ Macro-Level Influences - Economic Forces -Manufacturers moved their factories overseas to save money -Unemployment rates went up, especially for low-skilled jobs - Technological Innovation -We live longer. Medical Technology allows us to live full lives, however, poverty becomes an issues for many elderly -Social media have helped and hurt our familial connections with each other and outside resources - Mass media has very large influence -Social Movement -Civil Rights -GLBT -Marriage Chapter 2 ▯ • Textbook ▯ o The Ethics and Politics of Family Research ▪ Ethic Codes and Scientific Misconduct Theoretical Perspectives on Families (Focus only on the “Critical Evaluation” section for the o following theories) ▪ The Ecological Perspective: Agroup that adapts and reorganizes in response to changing environments ▪ The Family Systems Perspective: unit whose daily functioning and survival depend on the interactions of its members with each other and the larger society ▯ • Lecture ▯ o Family Theories ▪ Ecological Theory - Examines how a family influences and is influenced by its environment - The environment is a s series of “systems” that surround individuals and their families -These systems have a bi-directional influence on the individual and the family -These systems can help or hinder a child’s/ individual development and a family’s functioning -Microsystem -Avariety of structure that have a direct and consistent influence ion a persons life through regular interactions -Mesosystem -The relationship between two or more of these structures -This relationship can exert a larger influence on a person than the microsystem -Exosystem - Settings or events that the child does not experience directly but can still affect their development - Macrosystem - Societal/ Cultural norms, beliefs, and expectations that encompasses the other systems ▪ Symbolic Interaction - Looks at how the definitions and meaning that we giver our symbols, events and environmental settings affect our attitudes and behaviors -Asymbol can be words, gestures, behaviors, or pictures - If a symbol, event, or setting has personal value or relevance, there is a greater chance we will react and interact with it - Definitions and meanings changes as we get older -According to symbolic interaction perspective, each family member has multiple important roles in the family - Roles require different behavior within and outside the family - People modify and adjust their roles as they interact with other role players Social Exchange ▪ - Fundamentals principle is that people seek, through their interactions with others, to maximize their rewards and to minimize their cost - When a relationship bears more cost than benefits for a person, the personal is more likely to end the relationship - Individuals exchange many different kinds of tangible and intangible resources - Some of our cost-reward decisions are conscious and some are not - With relationships we rely on experience to help make future predictions of our cost-benefit ratio - With long-term relationships (i.e., marriage), we try to “make the best deal” as far as what our significant other can provide ▪ Family Systems - Family systems theory views the family as a functioning unit that solves problems, makes decisions, and achieves collective goals - Emphasis on: - Family interaction within their system - Family communication patterns - Evolution of family patterns evolve - Effect of individual personalities on family members - How implicit and explicit rules hold families together ▯ o Research Methods Surveys ▪ ▪ Clinical Research ▪ SecondaryAnalysis ▪ Field Research ▪ Experiment ▪ Evaluation research ▯ ▯ Chapter 3 ▯ • Textbook ▯ o EarlyAmerican Families From Non-European Cultures (Focus only on the “Family Structure” section for the following ethnic groups) ▪ MexicanAmericans ▯ • Lecture ▯ o Effects of Historical Events & Social/Cultural Eras on Families o Effects of The Great Depression • Men left their families to search for work - Oftentimes this invalid traveling hundreds of miles and not seeing their families
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