FMST 101 EXAM 2 Study Guide Ch. 5-8 .pdf

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Family and Human Services
FMST 101
Andrew Quach

FMST 101 Spring 2014 Second Exam Study Guide ▯ Chapter 5 ▯ o Theories of Gender Development ▯ ▪ RoleAppropriation: How individuals learn, adjust, and relinquish their gender roles • Significant others: Important individuals who provide a model of how to behave and think • Complementary others: individuals who fulfill reciprocal gender roles that directly impact your gender behaviors and perspective ▯ o Consequences: Males Negative • Occupation = Identity • Limited expression of emotions and feelings • Shorter life span • Custody of children Positive • More positive self concept • Higher incomes • Freedom of movement • Greater pool of potential partners ▯ o Effect of Gender Socialization on Relationships: Men Defining yourself in terms of incomes can negatively affect self-esteem if you become: • • Unemployed • “Relative earning income” percentage is reduced -Contribution of your income to total family income • Lack of emotional expression hinders and can damage interpersonal relationships • Men who are socialized to not participate in domestic activities will not be competent in these life skills ▯ o Consequences: Females Negative • Identity =Age and beauty • Less education//income • Lower self-concept Positive • Live longer • Allowed to express emotions • Closer bond with children Stronger relationship focus • ▯ o Effect of Gender Socialization on Relationships: Women Not pursuing an education may cause women to stay in an unhappy relationship • • Connection identity to age and appearance more likely to lower self-esteem which impacts interactions • Feeling the need to assume multiple roles simultaneously (daughter, spouse, parent) can lead to role overload ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Chapter 6 ▯ o Romantic vs. Realistic (Long Term) Love • Romantic Love: Characterized by beliefs such as: • • Love at first sight -Only one true love -Love empowers all • Symptoms of romantic love include: -Drastic mood swings -Heart palpitations -Intrusive thoughts about the partner • Realistic Love: -Also known as conjugal love -Less emotional, passionate, and exciting than romantic love -Characterized by companionship, calmness, comfort, and security ▯ o How Couples Change: Romantic vs Realistic Love • Romantic love fairly simple compared to realistic love • Romantic love sometimes self-centered… realistic love is altruistic • Romance is typically short-lived because love changes over time • Realistic love grows and develops.. romantic love typically immature • Realistic love proves security and constancy ▯ o General Theories of Love ▯ ▪ Sternberg’s Triangular Theory of Love and Lee’s Typology of Love - 3 components - Intimacy: Emotional warmth, closeness, and/or connection - Passion: Physical attraction and sexual consummation - Decision and commitment -Cognitive assessment of love -Maintain that love (commitment) over time ▯ o Benefits of Healthy Love Relationship on Self-Esteem • Allows you to feel generally equal to others • Allows you to take responsibility for your feelings, ideas, mistakes, and failings • Helps you accept strengths and weaknesses in yourself and others Helps with self-validation • Creates sense of separateness and interdependence, as opposed to fusion and dependence • • Help you feel empathy ▯ o Barriers to Maintaining Love in a Relationship • Four General factors •Merger: Loss of personal boundary or identity •Exposure: Fear of being revealed as weak, inadequate or undesirable •Attack: Don’t want to be attacked or criticized •Abandonment: Fear of losing the person or being rejected by them ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Chapter 7 ▯ o Sexual Scripts • While sexual behavior is sometimes spontaneous, in general we have internalized sexual scripts. • Women are more assertive now than in past generations when it comes to sex • Men tend to be aggressive as a result of society expecting them to assert their masculinity in a number of way • Race and ethnicity play a role in our sexual scripts ▯ o Sexual Behaviors • Most U.S. adults have had one or no sex partners in any given year. • For those who had no sex partners, abstinence cause by multiple factors • Chronic illness • Mental Health • Sexual dysfunction • Infidelity ▯ o Sex andAdolescents Young people’s interest in sex is influenced by a variety of factors: • poverty • peer interactions • parental divorce during adolescence • physical or sexual abuse by parent or relative • minimal parental monitoring of activities and peer groups • permissive parental values regarding sex • frequent overnight guest • Dating before age 16 • Commitment in long term relationship ▯ o Sex in Marriage • Most married couples report
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