FMST 301 Study Guide - Summer 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Intimate Relationship, Memory, Anxiety

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Principles of Relationship Science
Prototypical definition: Family
2+ people related by blood, marriage, or adoption
Live together
Form an economic unit
Bear and raise children
Our definition:
Intimate group of 2+ people
Committed relationship
Care for one another and any children
Share activities, close emotional ties
Shared history and future; sometimes biology
o Does not mandate marriage, procreation, childbearing or sexuality
Relationship:
Dynamic state of interdependence [mutual influence] that raises ongoing interactions
that occur over time
o Includes thoughts, feelings, and actions
Interactions are different they are typically isolated exchanges
Multiple sustained interactions are required for a relationship to exist; can be
interpreted differently
o 1. Mutual influence and ongoing interaction overtime
o 2. Interactions must be unique, not based on enactment of social roles must be
different from how they interact with people and from how other people
interact
o 3. History of interactions has resulted in relationship schema that influence
future interactions
A dynamic living that lives in the interaction of two people
How do we determine if two people are interdependent?
Most rely on self-reports, and let the person answering identify
Can ask both partners [dyad] and look for evidence mutual influence using statistics
Observe two people interacting overtime, examine the patterns for signs of mutual
influence
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What are close relationships?
Close relationships are those with higher degrees of impact that scholars focus on
o 1. Mating Relationships
o 2. Family Relationships
o 3. Friend Relationships
Types of Close Relationships
Subjectively close a felt sense of connection
Behaviorally close refers to the interaction pattern, and how
interdependent/mutually influential they are
o Frequency of influence
o Diversity of influence
o Strength of influence
o Duration
What Makes Relationship Science Difficult?
The field is multidisciplinary
Taboos against the study of relationships
o Private vs. Public phenomenon
Relationships are complex
o Dynamic, change over time, vary across multiple contexts and systems of
influence
o Multiply determining factors
Personal, relational, environmental [physical and social]
Problems with Research in Relationships
Different definitions of Family and Relationship and Close Relationship
Objectivity
Often rely on the report of one person to understand family dynamics
Usually short-term data collection procedures [longitudinal]
Variation over time
Historic under-representation of diverse perspectives
o Across-group differences
o Within-group differences
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