[OCTH 205] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (39 pages long!)

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OCTH 205
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1
Review for Quiz
Fall 2016
Introduction to CAM
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Established in 1991; a division of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)Mission was to explore CAM
through rigorous science and provide information to the public about safety and effectiveness
There was and continues to be controversy about how rigorous the research is and how relevant these
CAM approaches are to health
Definitions
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)
Those treatments and healthcare practices not taught widely in medical schools, not generally used in
hospitals, ad ot usuall eiused  edial isuae opaies
Alternative therapies used in place of conventional medicine. Ex: I get a diagnosis of cancer and I
decide to use acupuncture instead of getting surgery and/or drug therapy and radiation.
Complementary therapies/medicine used together with conventional medicine. Ex: I take the drugs
and radiation and also try acupuncture.
Integrative combines conventional treatment with CAM treatments that have a high level of
documented effectiveness through research. My treatment plan for cancer includes drugs, radiation,
acupuncture, and other CAM approaches
Holistic Health Care based on the idea of addressing the hole peso od, id, ad spirit).
Wellness:
..social, emotional, and spiritual aspects of health that extend beyond the absence of disease and
disability. Wellness includes movement toward a greater awareness of and satisfaction from all aspects
of life...
All healig is self-healig- Basic tenant of natural medicine:
The body has the ability to heal itself.
The role of the practitioner is to help the body to heal itself.
Eola ius is oig to the U“ fo the fist tie
Emory University Hospital: Dr. Bruce Ribner
We deped o the od’s defeses to otol the ius, Rie said. We just hae to keep the
patiet alie log eough i ode fo the od to otol this ifetio.
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Belief’s about health:
Western society - health is optimum
CAM - balance is the optimum state; you can be healthy even with illness or disability
NCCAM Categories of CAM
Alternative Medical Systems
Mind-body Interventions
Biologically Based Therapies
Manipulative and Body-based Methods
Energy Therapies
Alternative Medical Systems
Built upon a complete system of theory
Often these systems originated elsewhere and earlier than the US
Western examples = homeopathy, naturopathy
Eastern examples = Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ayurveda
Mind-Body Interventions
Use tehiues to ipoe id’s ailit to positiel affet the od
Examples = meditation, guided imagery, biofeedback, hypnosis, progressive muscle relaxation, positive
psychology
Biologically Based Therapies
Use substances found in nature: herbs, foods, vitamins Examples = shark cartilage, herbal remedies,
Vitamin C, dietary supplements, cranberries
Manipulative and Body-based Therapies
Moving parts of the body
Examples
Chiropractic Medicine
Osteopathy
Craniosacral Therapy
Energy Therapies
Healing with the use of energy fields
Two types:
Biofield therapies
Bio electromagnetic therapies
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