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PSYC 101 Final Exam Review.docx

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Towson University
PSYC 101
Barbara Wilson

Personality pattern consistent all the time it is how we adapt to the world our distinctive thoughts emotions and behaviors The way you respond to somethingDefinition of psychology scientific study of behavior and mental processes The Nervous system the bodies Electrochemical communication systemNerve cell Neurons information processing nearly all of them are developed before birth Nucleus in the cell body Dendrites receives information and channels it toward the cell bodyAxon carries information away from the cell body to the next cell it acts on the next cell Myelin Sheath layer of fat that encases most axonsWhat is the central nervous system brain and spinal cordWhat is a neurotransmitter carries information across the synaptic gap to the next neuronTheory of Cognitive Development piaget children actively construct their cognitive world Sensorimotor birth to 2 years Object permanence Preoperational 27 years EgocentrismConcrete Operational711 Conservation Formal Operational 1115 Abstract and idealistic thoughtAssimilation Incorporating ex Red means Santa now red doesnt only mean stopAccommodation Restructuring ex Red means stop and green means go What senses are Mechanical Chemical vestibular and Kinesthetic Mechanical TouchChemical Taste and smell Kinesthetic Movement location orientation posture Vestibular Balance and acceleration Sensation receivingPerception interpretation Afferent Pathway sensory neurons coming inEfferent pathways motor neurons going out What is a hypothesis educated guessFamiliar with all the different methods of collecting data in a scientific studyDescriptive Research observing and recording behavior ex Observations Naturalistic Laboratory surveys and interviews standardized test case studyEmpirical Research gaining knowledge through the observation of events the collection of data logical reasoning What is benefit of laboratory observation it is in a controlled settingWhat is the risk of naturalistic observation it is not in a controlled setting researcher doesnt have controlStates of consciousness high level automatic processes low level altered stateHigh level need clear selective attention controlled processes Low level automatic processes require little to no attention ex Driving Altered states of consciousness no awareness ex Drug sleep traumaStages of sleep and what occurs and how they can be differentiated Stage 1 theta waves slower frequencyStage 2 theta waves sudden increase in wave frequency sleep spindlesStage 3 less than 50 delta waves slowest wave frequencyStage 4 more than 50 delta waves hard to wake sleeper Stage 5 REM SleepWhat is REM Sleep and what happens in REM sleep REM Rapid Eye Movement DreamingInsomnia inability to fall or stay asleep
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