Exam 2 review.docx

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Child Development
Course Code
Maryanne Wolf

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Chapter 6-9 Review Guide This study guide is meant to guide you and help you while studying, but please be sure to also review other material from the textbook to the best of your ability, as well as the material from lectures. Chapter 6: • Theories of emotional development (p. 201) o Theory of gradual differentiation  Babies are born with 2 emotions: happy or sad  Gradually differentiate into basic emotions o Differential emotions theory  Babies are born with basic emotions o Ontogenetic adaptations  Emotions evolve because it contributes to survival and normal development  Endogenous smile  Social smile  Primary intersubjectivity • There is a give and take in a conversation • Primary & Secondary Intersubjectivity (p. 203, 221) 281 • Ontogeneous & Social Smile (p. 203) o Ontogeneous  Not in response to anything  reflex o Social smile  Directed at someone or something  Attempt to engage someone • Basic & Self-Conscious Emotions (p. 201, 226) 236-239 o Basic  Joy  Fear  Anger  Surprise  Disgust  Sadness o Secondary  Guilt  Shame  Pride  Embarrassment  • Patterns ofAttachment- Characteristics of each (secure, avoidant, resistant, disorganized) (p. 211) 230 o Secure attachment  Play comfortable  Upset when mom leaves  Not consoled by stranger  Mother soothes o Anxious/avoidant  Indifferent to mom  Might cry when she leaves  Stranger or mom can comfort equally  Looks way from mom o Anxious/resistant  Stay close to mom, anxious  Very upset when she leaves  Not comforted  Seek comfort but resist o Disorganized  Lack coherent, organized methods for dealing with stress  Cry/ignore/scream when mother leaves  Ignore/dazed/resist when she comes back • Variations in Patterns ofAttachment (p. 214) 232 o Family  Mother’s depression  Divorce o Institution  Adoption o Cultural  • VOCAB, VOCAB, VOCAB!!! Chapter 7: • Brain Structures Associated With Language Development (p. 240) o Broca’s area  Word finding  Aphasia • Can’t produce language o Wernicke’s area  Understanding language  Aphasia • Can’t comprehend • Speak gibberish • Biological Components of Language-
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