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Midterm

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Department
Political Science
Course
PS-0061
Professor
Malik Mufti
Semester
Spring

Description
Ibn Khaldun (Realist) • Wrote Muqaddima • Political active, religious judge in Tunis th • 14  Century • Took refuge in N. Africa and began writing Muqaddima • Asabiyya­ Feeling of community, unity • Focuses on civilization, primitive and advanced culture o Advanced over primitive • War is inevitable, civilizations will grow, leading to competition and ultimate war • Primitive culture makes you stronger and more independent o Courageous, asabiyya, strength • Just and unjust wars o Dynastic  Against seceders who refuse obedience o Holy wars are just  ▯further civilization o Wars purely for expansion  • Culture lasts, civilization doesn’t always Thucydides • Father of realism, international relations, comparative politics • Exiled to Cyprus or some other place • Wrote the entire history of Peloponnesian War • Human nature leads to conflict, that is the norm o Always a desire for more o Leads to creation of empires • Sides with Athens, this is most important war • War is for security • His theory is still relevant to this day Themistocles • Commander of Persian War on Athens side o Conspired with Persia against Athens o Exiled to Sparta, then exiled out of Sparta • From Athens • Example of a bad leader • Deserves admiration for thinking outside of the box o Learned about enemies language o Personal and national glory is the same Pericles • Leader of pro­war faction, naval based army • Honorable leader, like a King • Merged personal and national glory • Lead Athens very well, wasn’t threatening and very well respected • Focused a lot on tradition • Asked people to die for greater good o However, Athens is very individualistic • Emphasized naval army of Athens and its importance • Didn’t like having funeral orations Alcibiades and Nicias • Conquest of Sicily o A wants to go, but N doesn’t  N feels cost of war is too much, but forced to go o A can’t go to war because of his drunken rampage o
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