Liberalism study guide.docx

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Political Science
Kelly Greenhill

Liberalism Assumptions: 1. system is anarchical, but anarchy may be moderated by repeated reciprocal interactions 2. cooperation 3. states and individuals primary units of analysis 4. units are rational actors 5. preferences are the fundamental determinants of states’behavior 6. states’goals vary Origins Liberal Variants Stresses importance for… Focuses How does it lead to peace? Perpetual Normative version World politics of variation in Shared norms and values (rule of law, Mutual recognition of autonomy and right to be free of peace-Kant (idealism) underlying values concerning majority rule, protection of minority foreign interference. Each side presumes norms of (Doyle) domestic public goods rights, separation of powers, negative peaceful conflict resolution in domestic politics will provision freedoms carry over into foreign policy. Classical liberalism (Mill, Wilson)—ideological, self- determination, national interest, public opinion Economic Economic & World politics of variation in • specialization and production to • trade more cost effective way to increase national liberalism commercial version material incentives stemming increase domestic wealth wealth compared to conquest (Smith (market is from economic good), Ricardo interdependence • contemporary theories on • private groups benefit and lobby against government (comparative international trade use of force armed conflict detrimental to interests advantage)) • differences in geography, natural • economic interdependenceoptimism resources, and economic production • free trade Political Neoliberal Variation in the nature of • classical liberalism (Kant & • despite anarchy, states are capable of rationally taming liberalism institutionalism domestic representative (Locke, Oye) (institutional institutions Keohane) the security dilemma • modern theories concerning role of • repeated interactions among states create version) executives in trade policy, impact of interdependence and states learn that cooperation is a partisan disagreement on foreign more advantageous strategy policy, and power of institution
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